Tirzepatide (TZP) , a novel dual GIP/GLP-1 receptor agonist, led to greater HbA1c, fasting serum glucose and body weight reductions vs. placebo (PBO) in people with early T2D (baseline mean T2D duration 4.7 y and 54% no prior diabetes medications) from the 40-wk SURPASS-1 trial. In a Phase 2b trial, TZP also improved β-cell function and insulin sensitivity (IS) vs. PBO and selective GLP-1 receptor agonist, dulaglutide 1.5 mg. Similarly, in SURPASS-1, TZP improved β-cell function, as indicated by a 75-80% increase in HOMA2-B, and insulin resistance, as indicated by a 2-12% decrease in fasting insulin and 8-20% decrease in HOMA2-IR. In this analysis, we aimed to explore changes in additional biomarkers of β-cell function and IS after TZP monotherapy (5, and 15 mg) . At 40 wks, proinsulin/C-peptide ratios, a marker of insulin processing, β-cell stress and β-cell function improved with decrease by 47-49% with TZP vs. -0.1% with PBO (p<0.001, all doses) (Table) . Fasting proinsulin decreased by 49-55% with TZP vs. no change with PBO (p<0.001, all doses) . Decreases in fasting C-peptide by 3-9% with TZP did not differ vs. PBO. TZP vs. PBO improved biomarkers of IS evidenced by increases in adiponectin (16-23% vs. -0.2%; p≤0.028, all doses) and IGFBP-2 (38-70% vs. 4.1%; p<0.001, all doses) . As a monotherapy for early T2D, TZP achieved significant improvement in markers of β-cell function and IS.


C.Lee: Employee; Eli Lilly and Company, Stock/Shareholder; Eli Lilly and Company. H.Mao: Employee; Eli Lilly and Company. V.Thieu: None. M.K.Thomas: Employee; Eli Lilly and Company, Stock/Shareholder; Eli Lilly and Company.


Eli Lilly and Company

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at http://www.diabetesjournals.org/content/license.