In T2D, treatment targets include maintaining HbA1c ≤7.0%, LDL-C <2 mmol/L (<77 mg/dL) , and BP <130/80 mmHg. It is also recommended to improve urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) , a marker of renal damage and CV risk. We examined effects of CANA vs. placebo on CV and kidney outcomes in patients with T2D and high CV risk and/or chronic kidney disease according to BL treatment targets and risk factors. Pooled data from the CANVAS Program (N=10,142) and the CREDENCE trial (N=4401) were analyzed according to treatment target achievement and by number of targets achieved at BL. Hazard ratios and 95% CIs were estimated using Cox regression models. Of 14,432 participants at BL, 3683 (26%) had achieved 0, 5851 (41%) had achieved 1, 3680 (25%) had achieved 2, and 1218 (8%) had achieved either 3 or 4 targets. At BL, 8415 (58%) participants had UACR >2 mg/mmol. CANA consistently reduced risk of MACE, HHF/CV death, and ESKD or doubling of serum creatinine vs. placebo, regardless of whether BL targets were met or if UACR was elevated (Figure) . The number of uncontrolled targets at BL did not impact the beneficial effect of CANA on CV and kidney outcomes (all P interaction >0.17) .
In conclusion, CANA demonstrated consistent CV and renal benefits in patients with T2D, regardless of risk factor control.
V.C.Woo: Advisory Panel; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Speaker's Bureau; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. M.Tsoukas: Speaker's Bureau; AstraZeneca, Bausch Health, Canada, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Johnson & Johnson, Novo Nordisk Canada Inc. S.Tobe: Other Relationship; Bayer AG, Speaker's Bureau; AstraZeneca, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. A.Slee: Consultant; Alydia Health, Elixir Medical , IHP Therapeutics , iLumen Scientific, Intuitive Surgical, Janssen Global Services, LLC, Laborie, Providence Medical, Pulse Biosciences, SonoMotion. W.Rapattoni: Employee; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. F.Ang: Employee; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. J.Seufert: Advisory Panel; Abbott, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH, Research Support; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Speaker's Bureau; Abbott Diabetes, AstraZeneca, Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH. D.C.Wheeler: Advisory Panel; Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Gilead Sciences, Inc., GlaxoSmithKline plc., Janssen Global Services, LLC, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Mundipharma, Tricida, Inc., Vifor Pharma Management Ltd., Consultant; AstraZeneca, Speaker's Bureau; Amgen Inc., Astellas Pharma Inc.
Janssen Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada