Background: Few pharmacological strategies exist to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetes, other than reducing the intensity of glucose-lowering therapy. SSTR2a treatment increases glucagon counterregulation and reduces the time spent in hypoglycemia in rodent models of type 1 diabetes (T1D), but the utility of this approach in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of acute SSTR2a treatment in a rodent model of hypoglycemia in T2D.

Methods: High fat fed (HFF), low dose streptozotocin (35 mg/kg) T2D rats received SSTR2a treatment (subcutaneous ZT-01 3 mg/kg) or vehicle (N=9-11/group) 60 min before the induction of hypoglycemia using rapid-acting insulin (12 U/kg). Glycemia, glucagon and c-peptide levels were measured intermittently pre- and post-dosing.

Results: T2D in the rats was characterized by significantly higher baseline glucose (21.8 ± 4.7 vs 6.5 ± 0.7 mmol/L, p<0.05) and HbA1c (8.6 ± 0.6% vs 5.5 ± 0.5%; p<0.0001) levels relative to HFF controls (n=3). T2D rats also displayed reduced c-peptide levels relative to controls (3.1 ± 1.3 vs 6.1 ± 1.2 ng/ml, p<0.05). During hypoglycemic challenge (T2D rats only), SSTR2a elevated glucagon levels relative to vehicle treatment (glucagon Cmax: 156 ± 50 vs 77 ± 46 pg/ml, p<0.01) and reduced the incidence of hypoglycemia by ~40% (5/8 SSTR2a treated vs 9/9 vehicle treated rats). In those that developed hypoglycemia, the average time to hypoglycemia onset was delayed (103.1± 24.6 vs 66.1 ± 23.6 min, p<0.05) with SSTR2a compared to vehicle.

Conclusion: SSTR2a treatment increases glucagon levels in this rodent model of T2D, which appears to reduce the risk for hypoglycemia following bolus insulin dosing.


N. C. D'souza: None. M. Nejad-mansouri: None. R. Liggins: Employee; Zucara Therapeutics, Stock/Shareholder; Zucara Therapeutics. O. Chan: None. M. C. Riddell: Advisory Panel; Zealand Pharma A/S, Zucara Therapeutics, Indigo Diabetes, Consultant; Lilly Diabetes, Eli Lilly and Company, Jaeb Center for Health Research, Speaker's Bureau; Dexcom, Inc., Novo Nordisk, Sanofi, Stock/Shareholder; Supersapiens, Zucara Therapeutics. P. Zaree bavani: None. J. Aiken: None. E. G. Hoffman: None. S. C. Atherley: None. S. Champsi: None. N. Aleali: None. D. Shakeri: None. M. El-zahed: None. N. Akbarian: None.


GlycoNet (CD-85)

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at