While an increasing number of adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on multiple daily insulin injections (MDI) are initiating insulin pump therapy, little is known about how, or if, pump therapy may contribute to quality of life (QoL) gains.

Adults with T2D on MDI who contacted Insulet about starting a tubeless insulin pump (Omnipod DASH® Insulin Management System) completed two self-report surveys: one before pump start (baseline) and one 6 months later. The surveys assessed self-reported HbA1c, and a series of QoL measures, including overall well-being (WHO-5), diabetes distress (T2-DDAS Core), diabetes impact (DIDP), and perceived restrictions due to T2D. We compared 6-month outcomes in participants who started and remained on Omnipod DASH vs. those who never started on pump therapy and remained on MDI.

Of N=435 who completed the baseline survey, 220 (51%) completed the 6-month survey. Of these, the majority (80%) were current pump users, and 20% remained on MDI. There were no significant differences between pump users and continuing MDI (c-MDI) users in any baseline demographics, HbA1C or QoL measures. At 6 months, pump users evidenced a significantly greater rise than c-MDI users in overall well-being (+8.3 vs. -3.1) and greater drops in diabetes distress (-0.97 vs. -0.30), diabetes impact (-0.29 vs. +0.20), and perceived restrictions, including feeling less limited regarding food and exercise and feeling freer to live life as they might want (in all cases, p < 0.005). Also, both pump and c-MDI groups reported a significant HbA1C improvement from baseline, though the difference between groups was not significant (-1.1% vs -0.9%; p=0.10).

In this sample of T2D adults, the introduction of pump therapy was associated with broad improvement in QoL after 6 months, compared to those who were interested in, but never started pump therapy. These results provide initial evidence of significant psychosocial benefits of pump therapy for adults with T2D.


W. H. Polonsky: Consultant; Abbott Diabetes, Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly Alliance, Eli Lilly and Company, Insulet Corporation, Intuity Medical, Inc., MannKind Corporation, Provention Bio, Inc., Sanofi-Aventis U. S., Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated. E. C. Soriano: None.


Insulet Corporation

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