Many guidelines recommend increased potassium intake. However, the relationship between dietary potassium intake and incidence of CVD in persons with T2D has not been explored, nor is it known if this relationship varies with sodium intake in such persons. Therefore, we investigated these relationships as part of the JDCP study, a nationwide study launched in 2007. A total of 1477 persons with T2D aged 40-75 years completed a brief self-administered Diet History Questionnaire at baseline, and resultant data were analyzed. Primary outcome was the 7-year risk of a CVD event. Hazard ratios (HRs) for CVD according to tertiles of dietary potassium and sodium intake were estimated by Cox regression adjusted for confounders in addition to a stratified analysis of tertiles of sodium intake. Mean daily potassium and sodium intakes in tertiles 1 to 3 were 1.9, 2.6, and 3.5 g and 3.3, 4.2, and 5.3 g, respectively. HbA1c, BMI, triglycerides, and blood pressure were well controlled. No significant associations between potassium and sodium intakes and incidence of CVD were shown for the second and third tertiles relative to the first tertile (potassium: 0.64 [95% CI, 0.34-1.23] and 0.59 [0.28-1.25]; sodium: 1.02 [0.51-2.04] and 1.15 [0.58-2.30]). In the stratified analysis of tertiles of sodium intake, in the high sodium intake groups (T2 and T3) HRs for CVD in the high potassium intake group were significantly lower compared to the low potassium intake group (T2: 0.40 [0.12-1.35] and 0.06 [0.01-0.69]; T3: 0.23 [0.07-0.82] and 0.26 [0.07-0.88]). Associations of potassium intake with CVD in those with low sodium intake (T1) were not significant. Findings suggested that high potassium intake under high sodium intake is associated with a deceased incidence of CVD in persons with T2D although potassium intake under low sodium intake was not associated with incident CVD.


C.Horikawa: None. H.Shimano: None. J.Satoh: None. Y.Hayashino: Advisory Panel; Novo Nordisk A/S, Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Speaker's Bureau; Boehringer Ingelheim Japan, Inc., Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd., Santen, Daiichi Sankyo, Kowa Company, Ltd. N.Tajima: None. R.Nishimura: Speaker's Bureau; Sanofi K.K., Medicure Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim Inc., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Novartis Pharma K.K., Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Novo Nordisk, Merck & Co., Inc., Abbott Japan Co., Ltd., Astellas Pharma Inc., Teijin Pharma Limited, Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings Co., Ltd., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., AstraZeneca. Y.Yamasaki: None. H.Sone: Research Support; Novo Nordisk, Astellas Pharma Inc., Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd., Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings Co., Ltd., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Eisai Co., Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Jdcp study group: n/a. M.Takahara: None. N.Katakami: Speaker's Bureau; Abbott Japan Co., Ltd., Daiichi Sankyo, MSD, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Kowa Company, Ltd., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Novo Nordisk, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd., Bayer Inc., Lilly, Teijin Pharma Limited, Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd., Boehringer Ingelheim Japan, Inc., Sanofi. Y.Takeda: None. M.Takeuchi: None. K.Fujihara: None. H.Suzuki: None. K.Tsuda: None. N.Yoshioka: None.

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