Endogenous insulin secretion could be recovered by improving hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, no reports have showed the associations between short-term insulin secretion recovery and future glycemic control. In this study, we investigated whether short-term C-peptide index (CPI) recovery during hospitalization could predict future glycemic control. In this study, 117 patients with T2D were included. The recovery of fasting and postprandial CPI were defined as (fasting CPI at discharge - fasting CPI at admission [index-A]) and (postprandial CPI at discharge - postprandial CPI at admission [index-B]). We compared the clinical background between the low-recovery and high-recovery groups of each index and assessed the association between the indices and metabolic parameters after discharge. Using index-A, age was significantly younger (P = 0.017) and body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher (P = 0.004) in the high-recovery group than that in low-recovery group. Using index-B, the age was significantly younger (P = 0.019) and BMI was significantly higher (P = 0.004) in the high-recovery group. Additionally, visceral fat area (P = 0.043), serum TG (P < 0.001), and γ-GTP levels (P = 0.009) were significantly higher in the high-recovery group. Regarding the association between CPI recovery and future glycemic control, GA levels were significantly lower in the high-recovery group than that in low-recovery group at 6 months (16.7 vs 21.1%, P = 0.045) and 12 months (16.8 vs 21.7%, P = 0.033) after discharge in the analysis using index-B. Furthermore, postprandial CPI (cut-off; 3.79 [AUC 0.698, P = 0.007]) at discharge and index-B (cut-off; 1.66 [AUC 0.657, P = 0.018]) were identified as indicators to predict HbA1c ≤ 7.0% at 6 months after discharge. In conclusion, short-term postprandial CPI recovery during hospitalization may predict future glycemic control.


A.Enkaku: None. D.Chujo: None. M.Kamigishi: None. S.Inagawa: None. W.Sakai: None. S.Matsukoshi: None. A.Takikawa: None. S.Fujisaka: None. K.Tobe: Other Relationship; MSD K.K., Novo Nordisk Pharma Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Daiichi Sankyo, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Suntory Global Corporation, Ltd.,, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Japan Diabetes Foundation, Japan Association for Diabetes Education and Care.

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