We analyzed the association between dietary Mn intake and obesity measured by BMI after adjustment for intake of nutrients and food groups in people with T2DM in Japan. Participants were 1567 people, 63% male, aged 30 to 89 y who were in the Japan Diabetes Clinical Data Management Study Group (JDDM), one of the largest cohorts of Japanese with diabetes. Intake of food groups was determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire based on food groups. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥25 kg/m2. Multivariate logistic regression analysis assessed the relationship between quartiles of dietary Mn intake and obesity stratified by age. Participants aged 30 to 89 y were grouped according to the following quartiles for age: 30-54 y, 55-63 y, 64-71 y, and 72-89 y. Compared to the lowest quartile (Q1) for Mn, a significant negative association between Mn and BMI was found in males for all quartiles of Mn (OR [95%CI] of Q2= 0.643 [0.424 - 0.973], Q3= 0.607 [0.374 - 0.986], Q4= 0.398 [0.218 - 0.728], p trend = 0.028) with adjustment for characteristics such as age, sex, current smoking, drinking, insulin, oral hypoglycemic agents treatment, activity, energy intake and macronutrients intake. However, statistical significance disappeared after adding total fiber as a covariate. Compared to the lowest quartile for Mn, the highest quartile of Mn was inversely associated with BMI in the younger age group (30-54 y [OR= 0.296 [0.088 - 0.996]]) even after total fiber adjustment. Multivariate analysis of food groups (rice, vegetables, soy products) that were highly correlated with Mn as covariates showed that the relationships between Mn intake and obesity were maintained (p trend for rice, vegetables, soy = <0.001, 0.187, 0.010) in all participants. In summary, higher dietary Mn intake was independently associated with a lower BMI, especially in the younger group and males. Future prospective or intervention studies are expected to confirm this result.


L.Khin: None. H.Sone: Research Support; Novo Nordisk, Astellas Pharma Inc., Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd., Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings Co., Ltd., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Eisai Co., Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Jddm study group: n/a. K.Fujihara: None. M.Hatta: None. Y.Takeda: None. S.Y.Morikawa: None. C.Horikawa: None. N.Kato: None. M.Kato: None. H.Maegawa: None.

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