Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) use soon after T1D diagnosis in the 4T Study was associated with improved glycemic outcomes. We evaluated participant factors associated with elevated versus in target A1c for youth in the 4T Study.

All youth from the 4T Study 1 (n=133) were evaluated. In this analysis, the 110 youth who had a final A1c between 6-13 months were included in a complete case analysis. These 110 youth were comparable to the 133 4T Study 1 youth by race/ethnicity, insurance, preferred language, and age. Group differences by non-ordered A1c categories were evaluated for categorical (race/ethnicity, insurance, gender, and language) and continuous (age and time from CGM start) variables via chi-square and ANOVA, respectively.

A majority of youth in the 4T Study 1 met glycemic targets (65% with A1c ≤7% between 6-13 months post-diagnosis). Age, race/ethnicity, and insurance status were significantly associated with A1c categories (p=0.02 for all; Table). Higher A1c categories were more likely to include Hispanic youth and youth with public insurance.

In the 4T Study 1, Hispanic youth and youth with public insurance had higher A1c categories despite similar CGM access and training. These findings suggest the need to address additional drivers of disparities in addition to CGM access. Approaches focused on health equity are required to improve glycemic outcomes in all youth newly diagnosed with T1D.


J. Kim: None. D. P. Zaharieva: Advisory Panel; Dexcom, Inc., Research Support; Hemsley Charitable Trust, International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, Insulet Corporation, Speaker's Bureau; American Diabetes Association, Ascensia Diabetes Care, Medtronic. F. K. Bishop: None. D. Scheinker: None. R. Johari: None. M. Desai: None. K. K. Hood: Consultant; Cecelia Health. D. M. Maahs: Advisory Panel; Medtronic, LifeScan Diabetes Institute, MannKind Corporation, Consultant; Abbott, Research Support; Dexcom, Inc. A. Addala: None.


National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (K23DK13134201, R18DK122422)

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