Obesity, a global health problem, leads to chronic inflammation of adipose tissue (AT), an immune-mediated process linked to metabolic dysfunction and disease, including type II diabetes mellitus. Adipocytes, the most abundant cellular constituent of AT, store lipids and secrete adipokines, a group of hormone-like molecules such as adiponectin and adipsin that regulate metabolism and immune cell functions. In mouse models of diet-induced obesity, distinct subsets of B lymphocytes have been implicated in both exacerbating and mitigating AT inflammation and insulin resistance, but the immunoregulatory mechanisms underlying these effects are incompletely understood. Similarly, whether B lymphocytes and adipocytes engage in regulatory interactions with each other is not known. To investigate this question, we performed in vitro co-culture studies using murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes and I.29µ+ B cells, a murine B cell lymphoma that initiates robust secretion of IgM antibodies and the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 upon activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The induction of IgM and IL-10 secretion was markedly attenuated when I.29µ+ B cells were stimulated with LPS while co-cultured in direct contact with 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This inhibitory effect was also observed, albeit to a lesser degree, when the two cell types were co-cultured but separated by a semipermeable membrane. Conversely, secretion of adiponectin and adipsin by 3T3-L1 adipocytes was reduced when the adipocytes were co-cultured with I.29µ+ B cells, both in direct contact and when separated by a semipermeable membrane. This reduction of adipokine output was observed in both the absence and presence of LPS to activate the B cells. These data support the hypothesis that B lymphocytes and adipocytes can engage in reciprocal interactions that modulate the functions of these two secretory cell types and, in turn, may influence AT homeostasis and inflammation in healthy and obese states.

Disclosure

J. W. Brewer: None. R. L. Judd: None. M. K. Allman: None. S. R. Carroll: None. S. Granger: None. A. Hall: None. K. Pownall: None. J. Quintana: None. N. Arellano rangel: None. J. Thomas: None.

Funding

Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine Center for One Health

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