Background: Total pancreatectomy is a last resort treatment for patients with chronic pancreatitis and intractable abdominal pain, however its utility has been hampered by the uncertain endocrine outcomes of islet transplantation and risk of postsurgical diabetes. Here, we present our 9-year clinical results after total pancreatectomy and islet transplantation.

Materials and Method: Forty-one patients with chronic or recurrent acute pancreatitis were treated with TPIAT over the last 9 years at the University of Chicago Medical Center. There were 15 male and 26 female with a median age of 33 (6-65) and with median BMI of 25 (17-39). Five (12%) patients were already diabetic prior to surgery. Islet isolation was performed at a local laboratory compliant with current Good Manufacture Practice regulations. Islet purification was implemented in 4 (10%) cases to reduce islet pellet volume below 20mL for intraportal infusion.

Results: All patients required opioids for pain control prior to surgery. Most of the patients (93%) reported resolution of pancreatic-type pain by postoperative year one. The number of patients requiring opioids for different type or location of pain declined over time from 13 (31%) at 1 year to 5 (12%) at 5 years after TPIAT. During TPIAT patients received on average 211,000±111,000 islet equivalents (IEQ), 2,500±1,600,). The majority of patients (95%) maintained endocrine beta cell function during follow up (serum c-peptide >0.5ng/ml). Over 40% of patients maintained long-term insulin independence: 44% (15/34) at 1-year and 45% (5/11) at 5-year follow-up.

Conclusions: TPIAT successfully provided pancreatic pain resolution of pancreatic pain and preservation of the endocrine beta cell function in majority of the patients with no mortality. Islet autotransplantation prevented diabetes in over 40% of patients.


W.Lin: None. L.Wang: None. M.Tibudan: None. R.Barth: None. J.Fung: None. P.Witkowski: Advisory Panel; Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Novartis. M.Ogledzinski: None. S.Gondek: None. K.Milejczyk: None. B.Juengel: None. L.Potter: None. P.J.Bachul: None. L.Basto: None. L.Perea: None.


National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (P30DK020595)

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