Breslow’s Health Practice Index (HPI) includes recommendations for a healthy lifestyle and is composed of 7 simple lifestyle factors (never smoking, regular physical activity, moderate or no use of alcohol, 7-8 hours sleep regularly, maintaining proper weight, eating breakfast, and not eating between meals). Cardiovascular health metrics (CVHMs), defined by the American Heart Association are composed of lifestyle factors and clinical laboratory values (smoking, weight, physical activity, diet, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose). To clarify the impact of HPI or CVHMs on incident HD according to DM, we analyzed a nationwide claims-based database of 294,647 people included from 2008-16 (DM- 277,935, DM 16,712). Risk for HD were analyzed according to DM and HPI/CVHMs based on the number of unfavorable lifestyle factors in the HIP and unfavorable lifestyle factors and clinical values in the CVHM (Table). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that DM increased the risk of dialysis 5- to 6-fold and DM and CVHMs synergistically increased the risk of HD. Results indicated that factors similar to those used to predict cardiovascular disease would also be useful to predict HD. These approaches might be helpful in clinical practice and patient education.


T.Osawa: None. H.Sone: Research Support; Novo Nordisk, Astellas Pharma Inc., Kyowa Kirin Co., Ltd., Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings Co., Ltd., Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Eisai Co., Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. K.Fujihara: None. M.H.Yamada: None. Y.Yaguchi: None. T.Sato: None. M.Kitazawa: None. Y.Matsubayashi: None. T.Yamada: None. S.Kodama: None.

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