Exercise plays an important role in the management of diabetes and is associated with many benefits such as decreased morbidity and mortality. For people exhibiting signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease, pre-exercise medical clearance is warranted; however, requiring broad screening requirements can lead to unnecessary barriers to initiating an exercise program. Robust evidence supports the promotion of both aerobic and resistance training, with evidence emerging on the importance of reducing sedentary time. For people with type 1 diabetes, there are special considerations, including hypoglycemia risk and prevention, exercise timing (including prandial status), and differences in glycemic responses based on biological sex.

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