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TABLE 1

Subject characteristics: cross-sectional, longitudinal, and prospective analyses

Pima Indians, cross-sectional (and prospective) analysisCaucasians, cross-sectional analysisPima Indians, longitudinal analysis
BaselineFollow-up
n (M/F) 413 (267/146) 60 (36/24) 187 (131/56)  
Age (years) 26.7 ± 0.3 (18.2–44.0) 28.6 ± 0.9 (18.8–44.0) 25.9 ± 0.4 30.1 ± 0.5 
Body fat (%) 31.0 ± 0.4 (9.2–50.1) 28.0 ± 1.4 (6.0–45.3) 30.4 ± 0.6 32.4 ± 0.6 
BMI (kg/m232.8 ± 0.4 (19.0–81.7) 31.7 ± 1.0 (18.2–53.0) 33.2 ± 0.6 35.2 ± 0.6 
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 88 ± 0.4 (55–119) 90 ± 1 (73–110) 90 ± 1 89 ± 1 
2-h glucose (mg/dl) 109 ± 1 (51–139) 106 ± 2 (60–137) 109 ± 1 111 ± 1 
Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 37 ± 0.9 (5–124) 24 ± 1 (8–53) 34 ± 1 40 ± 1 
2-h insulin (μU/ml) 149 ± 5 (16–904) 97 ± 13 (15–689) 138 ± 7 165 ± 8 
M (mg/kg EMBS/min) 2.82 ± 0.05 (1.32–8.9) 3.8 ± 0.2 (2.1–7.9) 2.89 ± 0.09 2.63 ± 0.06 
AIR (μU/ml) 249 ± 8 (28–1253) 133 ± 11 (16–430) 265 ± 13 267 ± 13 
Pima Indians, cross-sectional (and prospective) analysisCaucasians, cross-sectional analysisPima Indians, longitudinal analysis
BaselineFollow-up
n (M/F) 413 (267/146) 60 (36/24) 187 (131/56)  
Age (years) 26.7 ± 0.3 (18.2–44.0) 28.6 ± 0.9 (18.8–44.0) 25.9 ± 0.4 30.1 ± 0.5 
Body fat (%) 31.0 ± 0.4 (9.2–50.1) 28.0 ± 1.4 (6.0–45.3) 30.4 ± 0.6 32.4 ± 0.6 
BMI (kg/m232.8 ± 0.4 (19.0–81.7) 31.7 ± 1.0 (18.2–53.0) 33.2 ± 0.6 35.2 ± 0.6 
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 88 ± 0.4 (55–119) 90 ± 1 (73–110) 90 ± 1 89 ± 1 
2-h glucose (mg/dl) 109 ± 1 (51–139) 106 ± 2 (60–137) 109 ± 1 111 ± 1 
Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 37 ± 0.9 (5–124) 24 ± 1 (8–53) 34 ± 1 40 ± 1 
2-h insulin (μU/ml) 149 ± 5 (16–904) 97 ± 13 (15–689) 138 ± 7 165 ± 8 
M (mg/kg EMBS/min) 2.82 ± 0.05 (1.32–8.9) 3.8 ± 0.2 (2.1–7.9) 2.89 ± 0.09 2.63 ± 0.06 
AIR (μU/ml) 249 ± 8 (28–1253) 133 ± 11 (16–430) 265 ± 13 267 ± 13 

Data are mean ± SE (range).

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