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TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics by alcohol consumption in 46,936 U.S. men: the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, 1986

Alcohol consumption (g/day)
00.1–4.95.0–9.910.0–14.915.0–29.930.0–49.9≥50.0
Participants (n10,770 11,339 6,888 6,022 6,249 4,184 1,440 
Mean age (years) 54.7 53.8 53.8 54.9 54.3 56.1 55.8 
Mean BMI (kg/m225.6 25.5 25.4 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.7 
Mean number of days/week alcohol was consumed 0.04 0.9 2.3 3.9 5.0 6.2 6.6 
 Beer (g/day) 0.6 2.4 4.2 5.7 12.6 25.9 
 Red wine (g/day) 0.4 0.8 1.3 2.5 2.4 5.6 
 White wine (g/day) 0.7 1.5 2.4 4.0 3.8 7.0 
 Liquor (g/day) 0.6 2.5 4.4 7.5 19.3 31.6 
Current smoker (%) 10.2 12.4 14.6 16.4 17.0 28.1 31.3 
Past smoker (%) 30.4 38.1 43.4 47.3 51.6 52.5 51.0 
Physical activity (METs/week) 17.8 19.5 21.7 22.0 22.8 20.3 18.9 
Hypertension (%) 21.4 19.6 20.9 19.8 21.9 25.9 28.8 
Family history of diabetes (%)* 13.6 14.2 14.1 12.4 12.3 11.4 11.8 
Mean daily intakes        
 Total energy (kcal/day) 1,926 1,921 1,955 1,961 2,074 2,151 2,436 
 Energy consumed as alcohol (kcal/day) 10 17 29 66 113 
 Glycemic load (units/day) 13,595 13,204 12,617 12,081 11,547 10,353 9,246 
Trans-fats (g/day) 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.2 
 Polyunsaturated fats (g/day) 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.3 13.3 12.3 10.8 
 Dietary fiber (g/day) 22.4 22.1 21.4 20.8 20.2 17.5 15.3 
Alcohol consumption (g/day)
00.1–4.95.0–9.910.0–14.915.0–29.930.0–49.9≥50.0
Participants (n10,770 11,339 6,888 6,022 6,249 4,184 1,440 
Mean age (years) 54.7 53.8 53.8 54.9 54.3 56.1 55.8 
Mean BMI (kg/m225.6 25.5 25.4 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.7 
Mean number of days/week alcohol was consumed 0.04 0.9 2.3 3.9 5.0 6.2 6.6 
 Beer (g/day) 0.6 2.4 4.2 5.7 12.6 25.9 
 Red wine (g/day) 0.4 0.8 1.3 2.5 2.4 5.6 
 White wine (g/day) 0.7 1.5 2.4 4.0 3.8 7.0 
 Liquor (g/day) 0.6 2.5 4.4 7.5 19.3 31.6 
Current smoker (%) 10.2 12.4 14.6 16.4 17.0 28.1 31.3 
Past smoker (%) 30.4 38.1 43.4 47.3 51.6 52.5 51.0 
Physical activity (METs/week) 17.8 19.5 21.7 22.0 22.8 20.3 18.9 
Hypertension (%) 21.4 19.6 20.9 19.8 21.9 25.9 28.8 
Family history of diabetes (%)* 13.6 14.2 14.1 12.4 12.3 11.4 11.8 
Mean daily intakes        
 Total energy (kcal/day) 1,926 1,921 1,955 1,961 2,074 2,151 2,436 
 Energy consumed as alcohol (kcal/day) 10 17 29 66 113 
 Glycemic load (units/day) 13,595 13,204 12,617 12,081 11,547 10,353 9,246 
Trans-fats (g/day) 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.2 
 Polyunsaturated fats (g/day) 13.4 13.3 13.4 13.3 13.3 12.3 10.8 
 Dietary fiber (g/day) 22.4 22.1 21.4 20.8 20.2 17.5 15.3 

Data are n. Except for age, all variables are adjusted by direct standardization to the age distributions of the study population.

*

History of diabetes with onset at age ≥30 years in immediate family;

adjusted for total calories in diet. MET, metabolic equivalent.

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