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TABLE 1

Clinical characteristics, PCA ratio, QTc, and STD measurements in participants according to survival status

SurvivorsAll-cause deathPSurvivors and non-CVD deathCVD deathP
n 839 155 — 938 56 — 
Age (years) 56 ± 8 60 ± 9 <0.001 57 ± 8 61 ± 9 <0.001 
Sex (% female) 62.9 56.1 0.131 62.6 50.0 0.082 
BMI (kg/m232.4 ± 6.1 30.1 ± 6.2 <0.001 32.2 ± 6.2 30.7 ± 5.4 0.154 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78 ± 10 76 ± 12 0.009 78 ± 10 79 ± 11 0.953 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131 ± 19 133 ± 25 0.153 131 ± 19 137 ± 27 0.035 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 11.5 ± 4.5 11.7 ± 5.1 0.070 11.5 ± 4.6 12.0 ± 4.4 0.012 
GHb (%) 8.76 ± 2.51 8.35 ± 2.43 0.235 8.73 ± 2.52 9.12 ± 1.76 0.776 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.09 ± 0.28 1.11 ± 0.34 0.992 1.09 ± 0.28 0.93 ± 0.21 0.002 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.90 ± 0.80 2.82 ± 1.14 0.520 2.87 ± 0.83 3.23 ± 1.29 0.004 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 178 ± 165 187 ± 193 0.668 177 ± 162 219 ± 263 0.033 
Albuminuria (log mg/g) 3.73 ± 2.15 5.00 ± 2.44 <0.001 3.84 ± 2.21 5.03 ± 2.48 <0.001 
Prevalent CHD (%)   <0.001   0.004 
 None 77.7 58.1  75.7 57.1  
 Possible 19.0 31.6  20.3 32.1  
 Definite 3.3 10.3  4.1 10.7  
Smoking (%)   0.832   0.600 
 Never 32.5 34.8  33.3 26.8  
 Previous 40.9 37.4  40.4 39.3  
 Current 26.6 27.7  26.3 33.9  
STD (μV) −14.4 ± 19.6 −25.3 ± 28.2 <0.001 −15.1 ± 20.5 −31.3 ± 30.7 <0.001 
QTc (ms) 435 ± 24 444 ± 30 <0.001 436 ± 25 442 ± 32 0.028 
PCA ratio (%) 18.7 ± 12.2 22.5 ± 14.8 <0.001 19.0 ± 12.5 24.2 ± 15.2 0.001 
SurvivorsAll-cause deathPSurvivors and non-CVD deathCVD deathP
n 839 155 — 938 56 — 
Age (years) 56 ± 8 60 ± 9 <0.001 57 ± 8 61 ± 9 <0.001 
Sex (% female) 62.9 56.1 0.131 62.6 50.0 0.082 
BMI (kg/m232.4 ± 6.1 30.1 ± 6.2 <0.001 32.2 ± 6.2 30.7 ± 5.4 0.154 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78 ± 10 76 ± 12 0.009 78 ± 10 79 ± 11 0.953 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131 ± 19 133 ± 25 0.153 131 ± 19 137 ± 27 0.035 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 11.5 ± 4.5 11.7 ± 5.1 0.070 11.5 ± 4.6 12.0 ± 4.4 0.012 
GHb (%) 8.76 ± 2.51 8.35 ± 2.43 0.235 8.73 ± 2.52 9.12 ± 1.76 0.776 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.09 ± 0.28 1.11 ± 0.34 0.992 1.09 ± 0.28 0.93 ± 0.21 0.002 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.90 ± 0.80 2.82 ± 1.14 0.520 2.87 ± 0.83 3.23 ± 1.29 0.004 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 178 ± 165 187 ± 193 0.668 177 ± 162 219 ± 263 0.033 
Albuminuria (log mg/g) 3.73 ± 2.15 5.00 ± 2.44 <0.001 3.84 ± 2.21 5.03 ± 2.48 <0.001 
Prevalent CHD (%)   <0.001   0.004 
 None 77.7 58.1  75.7 57.1  
 Possible 19.0 31.6  20.3 32.1  
 Definite 3.3 10.3  4.1 10.7  
Smoking (%)   0.832   0.600 
 Never 32.5 34.8  33.3 26.8  
 Previous 40.9 37.4  40.4 39.3  
 Current 26.6 27.7  26.3 33.9  
STD (μV) −14.4 ± 19.6 −25.3 ± 28.2 <0.001 −15.1 ± 20.5 −31.3 ± 30.7 <0.001 
QTc (ms) 435 ± 24 444 ± 30 <0.001 436 ± 25 442 ± 32 0.028 
PCA ratio (%) 18.7 ± 12.2 22.5 ± 14.8 <0.001 19.0 ± 12.5 24.2 ± 15.2 0.001 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated. CVD, cardiovascular disease.

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