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TABLE 3

Aerobic capacity, body composition, blood variables, and insulin sensitivity before and after control or exercise training periods

VariableControl
Exercise
BeforeAfterBeforeAfter
Vo2peak (ml · kg−1 FFM · min−140.7 ± 1.4 40.3 ± 1.2 40.5 ± 1.1 44.3 ± 1.2* 
Weight (kg) 77.8 ± 2.0 78.1 ± 2.0 79.2 ± 1.6 78.7 ± 1.6* 
Waist circumference (cm) 89.7 ± 1.7 91.9 ± 1.5* 91.9 ± 1.4 90.0 ± 1.5* 
BMI (kg/m225.7 ± 0.3 25.9 ± 0.4 26.6 ± 0.3 26.4 ± 0.3* 
FFM (kg) 49.1 ± 1.8 49.3 ± 1.8 50.1 ± 1.4 50.1 ± 1.4 
Body fat (%) 31.2 ± 1.3 31.0 ± 1.3 31.4 ± 0.9 31.0 ± 0.9 
Abdominal fat, total (cm2299 ± 23 299 ± 22 318 ± 17 299 ± 18* 
Abdominal fat, visceral (cm2122 ± 13 121 ± 12 133 ± 11 124 ± 11* 
Abdominal fat, subcutaneous (cm2177 ± 13 178 ± 13 185 ± 9 174 ± 10* 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.07 ± 0.17 4.85 ± 0.19 4.90 ± 0.16 4.66 ± 0.12 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.25 ± 0.12 1.15 ± 0.08 1.17 ± 0.06 1.33 ± 0.11 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.03 ± 0.15 2.99 ± 0.18 3.00 ± 0.15 2.76 ± 0.13 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 153 ± 13 137 ± 14* 146 ± 11 114 ± 7* 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 35 ± 3 37 ± 3 38 ± 3 34 ± 2 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 
Nonesterified fatty acids (μmol/l) 520 ± 22 512 ± 18 524 ± 15 494 ± 14* 
Insulin sensitivity index (× 10−5 · min−1 · pmol−1 · l−15.50 ± 0.53 5.22 ± 0.58 4.88 ± 0.36 6.27 ± 0.60* 
VariableControl
Exercise
BeforeAfterBeforeAfter
Vo2peak (ml · kg−1 FFM · min−140.7 ± 1.4 40.3 ± 1.2 40.5 ± 1.1 44.3 ± 1.2* 
Weight (kg) 77.8 ± 2.0 78.1 ± 2.0 79.2 ± 1.6 78.7 ± 1.6* 
Waist circumference (cm) 89.7 ± 1.7 91.9 ± 1.5* 91.9 ± 1.4 90.0 ± 1.5* 
BMI (kg/m225.7 ± 0.3 25.9 ± 0.4 26.6 ± 0.3 26.4 ± 0.3* 
FFM (kg) 49.1 ± 1.8 49.3 ± 1.8 50.1 ± 1.4 50.1 ± 1.4 
Body fat (%) 31.2 ± 1.3 31.0 ± 1.3 31.4 ± 0.9 31.0 ± 0.9 
Abdominal fat, total (cm2299 ± 23 299 ± 22 318 ± 17 299 ± 18* 
Abdominal fat, visceral (cm2122 ± 13 121 ± 12 133 ± 11 124 ± 11* 
Abdominal fat, subcutaneous (cm2177 ± 13 178 ± 13 185 ± 9 174 ± 10* 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.07 ± 0.17 4.85 ± 0.19 4.90 ± 0.16 4.66 ± 0.12 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.25 ± 0.12 1.15 ± 0.08 1.17 ± 0.06 1.33 ± 0.11 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.03 ± 0.15 2.99 ± 0.18 3.00 ± 0.15 2.76 ± 0.13 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 153 ± 13 137 ± 14* 146 ± 11 114 ± 7* 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 35 ± 3 37 ± 3 38 ± 3 34 ± 2 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.1 
Nonesterified fatty acids (μmol/l) 520 ± 22 512 ± 18 524 ± 15 494 ± 14* 
Insulin sensitivity index (× 10−5 · min−1 · pmol−1 · l−15.50 ± 0.53 5.22 ± 0.58 4.88 ± 0.36 6.27 ± 0.60* 

Data are means ± SE.

*

Before-to-after difference within group, P < 0.025. None of the before-to-after changes differed with age or sex, except insulin sensitivity.

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