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TABLE 3.

2009 Precipitating Factors for Hypoglycemia <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) and Subsequent Low Blood Glucose Values Associated With the Same Initial Episode

Precipitating FactorInitial Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)
Long-acting or mixed insulin 29 12 41 
IV regular insulin to treat high potassium 
Rapid-acting analog insulin, nutritional or corrective 
Sulfonylurea 17 12 29 
Organ failure and/or sepsis 
Titratable IV insulin, set rate IV insulin for diabetic ketoacidosis, or insulin pump 13 
Other, no exogenous agent* 
Total 59 34 93 
Precipitating FactorInitial Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)
Long-acting or mixed insulin 29 12 41 
IV regular insulin to treat high potassium 
Rapid-acting analog insulin, nutritional or corrective 
Sulfonylurea 17 12 29 
Organ failure and/or sepsis 
Titratable IV insulin, set rate IV insulin for diabetic ketoacidosis, or insulin pump 13 
Other, no exogenous agent* 
Total 59 34 93 
*

Levofloxacin in one instance, hydrocortisone discontinued in a patient with adrenal insufficiency in the other.

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