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TABLE 4.

2014 Precipitating Factors for Hypoglycemia <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) and Subsequent Low Blood Glucose Values Associated with the Same Initial Episode

Precipitating FactorInitial Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) <1 Hour After Initial Event (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) ≥1 Hour After Initial Event (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) as Part of the Same Event (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values 50–69 mg/dL (2.8–3.8 mmol/L)as Part of the Same Event (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L)Associated With the Event (n)
Long-acting or mixed insulin 22 35 36 71 
IV regular insulin to treat high potassium 16 24 
Rapid-acting analog insulin, nutritional or corrective 11 16 
Sulfonylurea 12 22 34 
Organ failure and/or sepsis 17 
Titratable IV insulin, set rate IV insulin for diabetic ketoacidosis, or insulin pump 16 
Other, no exogenous agent* 
Total 55 20 18 93 87 180 
Precipitating FactorInitial Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) <1 Hour After Initial Event (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) ≥1 Hour After Initial Event (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) as Part of the Same Event (n)Subsequent Blood Glucose Values 50–69 mg/dL (2.8–3.8 mmol/L)as Part of the Same Event (n)Total Blood Glucose Values <70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L)Associated With the Event (n)
Long-acting or mixed insulin 22 35 36 71 
IV regular insulin to treat high potassium 16 24 
Rapid-acting analog insulin, nutritional or corrective 11 16 
Sulfonylurea 12 22 34 
Organ failure and/or sepsis 17 
Titratable IV insulin, set rate IV insulin for diabetic ketoacidosis, or insulin pump 16 
Other, no exogenous agent* 
Total 55 20 18 93 87 180 
*

Nesidioblastosis and dumping syndrome.

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