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Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants according to outcome status

Subcohort (n = 692)aCase subjects with T2D (n = 250)
Age (years) 66.5 (5.7) 66.4 (5.7) 
Women (%) 63 55.2 
BMI (kg/m229.9 (3.6) 30.8 (3.3) 
Waist circumference (cm) 100 (11) 103 (10) 
LTPA (METS-min/day) 238 (238) 249 (234) 
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 98 (14) 117 (18) 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 56.9 (14.2) 52.8 (11.6) 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 138.3 (30.5) 135.0 (30.2) 
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 219.9 (35.6) 218.4 (39.1) 
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 129.8 (92.2–149.3)b 160.9 (109–180)b 
Dyslipidemia (%) 85 80 
Hypertension (%) 91 96 
Smoking   
 Nonsmoker (%) 61 53 
 Current smoker (%) 16 25 
 Former smoker (%) 23 22 
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 2,276 (564) 2,321 (616) 
Adherence to MedDiet 8.6 (2.0) 8.4 (2.0) 
Intervention group (%)   
 Control (%) 32 36 
 MedDiet + EVOO (%) 31 30 
 MedDiet + nuts (%) 37 34 
Subcohort (n = 692)aCase subjects with T2D (n = 250)
Age (years) 66.5 (5.7) 66.4 (5.7) 
Women (%) 63 55.2 
BMI (kg/m229.9 (3.6) 30.8 (3.3) 
Waist circumference (cm) 100 (11) 103 (10) 
LTPA (METS-min/day) 238 (238) 249 (234) 
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 98 (14) 117 (18) 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 56.9 (14.2) 52.8 (11.6) 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 138.3 (30.5) 135.0 (30.2) 
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 219.9 (35.6) 218.4 (39.1) 
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 129.8 (92.2–149.3)b 160.9 (109–180)b 
Dyslipidemia (%) 85 80 
Hypertension (%) 91 96 
Smoking   
 Nonsmoker (%) 61 53 
 Current smoker (%) 16 25 
 Former smoker (%) 23 22 
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 2,276 (564) 2,321 (616) 
Adherence to MedDiet 8.6 (2.0) 8.4 (2.0) 
Intervention group (%)   
 Control (%) 32 36 
 MedDiet + EVOO (%) 31 30 
 MedDiet + nuts (%) 37 34 

Data are mean (SD) unless otherwise indicated. LTPA, leisure-time physical activity.

aIncluding 53 overlapping cases.

bMedian (interquartile range).

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