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Table 1

Diabetes onset, DKA at onset, and acute complications in the pediatric population (0–15 years) observed during COVID-19 pandemic (20 February–14 April 2020) compared with the same period in 2019

20202019ΔP
n%n%
Patients with diabetes onset 160 — 208 — −48 – 
Patients with DKA (pH <7.3) 61 38.1 86 41.3 −3.2 0.08 
Patients with severe DKA (pH <7.1) 27 16.9 31 14.9 2.0% 0.09 
Proportion of DKA patients with severe DKA 27 44.3 31 36.0 8.3% 0.03 
DKA episodes in patients with established diabetes 13 — 22 — −9 — 
Severe hypoglycemia episodes in patients with established diabetes 10 — 13 — −3 — 
20202019ΔP
n%n%
Patients with diabetes onset 160 — 208 — −48 – 
Patients with DKA (pH <7.3) 61 38.1 86 41.3 −3.2 0.08 
Patients with severe DKA (pH <7.1) 27 16.9 31 14.9 2.0% 0.09 
Proportion of DKA patients with severe DKA 27 44.3 31 36.0 8.3% 0.03 
DKA episodes in patients with established diabetes 13 — 22 — −9 — 
Severe hypoglycemia episodes in patients with established diabetes 10 — 13 — −3 — 

Severe hypoglycemia was defined as an episode with loss of consciousness or requiring hospitalization. The value in boldface type represents significant difference between groups.

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