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Table 1—

Physiological characteristics of 31 Caucasians (61% women) with type 2 diabetes and 61 nondiabetic control subjects (61% women)

Type 2 diabetesNo diabetesMean difference
n 31 61  
Age (years) 59.1 ± 8.8 (39–75) 43.4 ± 5.6 (35–57) +15.7 (+36.1%)* 
Body weight (kg) 101.8 ± 13.8 (69.0–123.9) 101.6 ± 17.4 (61.5–144.7) +0.2 (+0.2%) 
Height (cm) 169 ± 10 (150–193) 172 ± 8 (157–189) −3 (−1.7%) 
BMI (kg/m235.5 ± 3.7 (28.2–42.6) 34.1 ± 4.7 (25.1–47.8) +1.4 (+4.1%) 
FFM    
    kg 59.7 ± 11.1 (39.4–79.4) 62.4 ± 9.6 (37.4–80.0) −2.7 (−4.3%) 
    % 59.0 ± 6.9 (45.6–70.5) 60.8 ± 7.7 (44.2–81.9) −1.8 (−3.0%) 
Fat mass    
    kg 41.3 ± 8.7 (28.1–63.4) 40.0 ± 12.4 (14.8–71.7) +1.3 (+3.3%) 
    % 41.0 ± 6.9 (29.6–54.5) 39.2 ± 7.7 (18.1–55.8) +1.8 (+4.6%) 
Type 2 diabetesNo diabetesMean difference
n 31 61  
Age (years) 59.1 ± 8.8 (39–75) 43.4 ± 5.6 (35–57) +15.7 (+36.1%)* 
Body weight (kg) 101.8 ± 13.8 (69.0–123.9) 101.6 ± 17.4 (61.5–144.7) +0.2 (+0.2%) 
Height (cm) 169 ± 10 (150–193) 172 ± 8 (157–189) −3 (−1.7%) 
BMI (kg/m235.5 ± 3.7 (28.2–42.6) 34.1 ± 4.7 (25.1–47.8) +1.4 (+4.1%) 
FFM    
    kg 59.7 ± 11.1 (39.4–79.4) 62.4 ± 9.6 (37.4–80.0) −2.7 (−4.3%) 
    % 59.0 ± 6.9 (45.6–70.5) 60.8 ± 7.7 (44.2–81.9) −1.8 (−3.0%) 
Fat mass    
    kg 41.3 ± 8.7 (28.1–63.4) 40.0 ± 12.4 (14.8–71.7) +1.3 (+3.3%) 
    % 41.0 ± 6.9 (29.6–54.5) 39.2 ± 7.7 (18.1–55.8) +1.8 (+4.6%) 

Data are means ± SD (range). Significant difference between groups: *P < 0.001. No asterisk means no significant difference (P > 0.05).

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