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Table 2—

Whole-body indirect calorimetry

Type 2 diabetesNo diabetesMean difference
n 31 61  
24-h energy expenditure (kcal/day) 2,587 ± 61 2,563 ± 43 +22 ± 74 (+0.9%) 
Adjusted 24-h energy expenditure (kcal/day)* 2,679 ± 37 2,515 ± 23 +164 ± 31 (+6.5%)§ 
BMR (kcal/day) 2,060 ± 59 2,042 ± 42 +18 ± 73 (+0.9%) 
Adjusted BMR (kcal/day)* 2,140 ± 45 2,001 ± 28 +139 ± 61 (+6.9%)‖ 
EEsleep (kcal/day) 1,989 ± 51 1,897 ± 37 +92 ± 63 (+4.8%) 
Adjusted EEsleep (kcal/day)* 2,023 ± 29 1,879 ± 18 +144 ± 40 (+7.7%)§ 
24-h SPA (%)† 7.6 ± 0.2 8.5 ± 0.2 −0.9 ± 0.3 (−10.5%)§ 
Sleeping SPA (%) 0.93 ± 0.11 0.66 ± 0.08 +0.27 ± 0.14 (+40.9%) 
Type 2 diabetesNo diabetesMean difference
n 31 61  
24-h energy expenditure (kcal/day) 2,587 ± 61 2,563 ± 43 +22 ± 74 (+0.9%) 
Adjusted 24-h energy expenditure (kcal/day)* 2,679 ± 37 2,515 ± 23 +164 ± 31 (+6.5%)§ 
BMR (kcal/day) 2,060 ± 59 2,042 ± 42 +18 ± 73 (+0.9%) 
Adjusted BMR (kcal/day)* 2,140 ± 45 2,001 ± 28 +139 ± 61 (+6.9%)‖ 
EEsleep (kcal/day) 1,989 ± 51 1,897 ± 37 +92 ± 63 (+4.8%) 
Adjusted EEsleep (kcal/day)* 2,023 ± 29 1,879 ± 18 +144 ± 40 (+7.7%)§ 
24-h SPA (%)† 7.6 ± 0.2 8.5 ± 0.2 −0.9 ± 0.3 (−10.5%)§ 
Sleeping SPA (%) 0.93 ± 0.11 0.66 ± 0.08 +0.27 ± 0.14 (+40.9%) 

Data are means ± SE.

*

Adjusted for FFM, fat mass, SPA, sex, and age;

adjusted for duration of exercise on bike. No significant difference between groups:

P > 0.05. Significant difference between groups:

§

P < 0.01;

P < 0.05.

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