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Table 3—

Results of tests of attention during euglycemia and hyperglycemia in 20 adults with type 2 diabetes

SubtestEuglycemiaHyperglycemiaPFEta2AgeSexGIRHbA1cTAEAHT
Visual selective attention             
    Map Search (1 min) 35.0 ± 6.7 32.2 ± 5.1 0.04 3.36 0.22 0.17 0.21 0.39 0.44 0.31 0.26 0.41 
    Map Search (2 min) 64.8 ± 7.4 62.5 ± 8.7 0.31 1.07 0.06 0.60 0.57 0.57 0.41 0.27 0.44 0.72 
    Telephone Search (raw score) 3.6 ± 0.7 3.7 ± 0.6 0.34 0.95 0.05 0.11 0.19 0.30 0.62 0.44 0.51 0.96 
    Telephone Search (total time) 58.7 ± 8.3 67.0 ± 13.1 0.04 2.91 0.27 0.43 0.24 0.56 0.71 0.61 0.16 0.76 
Auditory selective attention             
    Elevator Counting (with distraction) 8.8 ± 1.1 8.3 ± 1.3 0.12 2.71 0.13 0.56 0.50 0.83 0.47 0.32 0.28 0.06 
    Elevator Counting (with reversal) 5.3 ± 1.7 4.4 ± 1.4 0.01 7.44 0.29 0.12 0.08 0.49 0.50 0.38 0.24 0.17 
Attention switching             
    Visual Elevator (raw score) 8.9 ± 1.1 8.5 ± 0.9 0.17 2.01 0.10 0.69 0.85 0.08 0.90 0.19 0.87 0.59 
    Visual Elevator (switch time) 4.3 ± 1.0 4.7 ± 0.9 0.001 17.44 0.49 0.15 0.43 0.60 0.26 0.09 0.63 0.20 
Divided attention             
    Telephone Search (with counting total time) 62.3 ± 9.5 67.2 ± 17.1 0.10 2.71 0.12 0.56 0.25 0.78 0.53 0.42 0.21 0.60 
    Telephone Search (with counting time per target) 1.0 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.6 0.05 4.45 0.20 0.31 0.37 0.59 0.62 0.46 0.54 0.68 
Sustained attention             
    Elevator Counting 6.6 ± 0.68 6.7 ± 0.67 0.79 0.07 0.01 0.1 0.18 0.68 0.38 0.30 0.31 0.27 
    Lottery 9.6 ± 0.7 9.7 ± 0.6 0.63 0.24 0.01 0.48 0.18 0.93 0.67 0.27 0.82 0.26 
SubtestEuglycemiaHyperglycemiaPFEta2AgeSexGIRHbA1cTAEAHT
Visual selective attention             
    Map Search (1 min) 35.0 ± 6.7 32.2 ± 5.1 0.04 3.36 0.22 0.17 0.21 0.39 0.44 0.31 0.26 0.41 
    Map Search (2 min) 64.8 ± 7.4 62.5 ± 8.7 0.31 1.07 0.06 0.60 0.57 0.57 0.41 0.27 0.44 0.72 
    Telephone Search (raw score) 3.6 ± 0.7 3.7 ± 0.6 0.34 0.95 0.05 0.11 0.19 0.30 0.62 0.44 0.51 0.96 
    Telephone Search (total time) 58.7 ± 8.3 67.0 ± 13.1 0.04 2.91 0.27 0.43 0.24 0.56 0.71 0.61 0.16 0.76 
Auditory selective attention             
    Elevator Counting (with distraction) 8.8 ± 1.1 8.3 ± 1.3 0.12 2.71 0.13 0.56 0.50 0.83 0.47 0.32 0.28 0.06 
    Elevator Counting (with reversal) 5.3 ± 1.7 4.4 ± 1.4 0.01 7.44 0.29 0.12 0.08 0.49 0.50 0.38 0.24 0.17 
Attention switching             
    Visual Elevator (raw score) 8.9 ± 1.1 8.5 ± 0.9 0.17 2.01 0.10 0.69 0.85 0.08 0.90 0.19 0.87 0.59 
    Visual Elevator (switch time) 4.3 ± 1.0 4.7 ± 0.9 0.001 17.44 0.49 0.15 0.43 0.60 0.26 0.09 0.63 0.20 
Divided attention             
    Telephone Search (with counting total time) 62.3 ± 9.5 67.2 ± 17.1 0.10 2.71 0.12 0.56 0.25 0.78 0.53 0.42 0.21 0.60 
    Telephone Search (with counting time per target) 1.0 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.6 0.05 4.45 0.20 0.31 0.37 0.59 0.62 0.46 0.54 0.68 
Sustained attention             
    Elevator Counting 6.6 ± 0.68 6.7 ± 0.67 0.79 0.07 0.01 0.1 0.18 0.68 0.38 0.30 0.31 0.27 
    Lottery 9.6 ± 0.7 9.7 ± 0.6 0.63 0.24 0.01 0.48 0.18 0.93 0.67 0.27 0.82 0.26 

Data are means ±SD. The effects of age, sex, glucose infusion rate (GIR), HbA1c, and mood as covariates are also shown (all P values). EA, energetic arousal; HT, hedonic tone; TA, tense arousal.

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