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Table 2—

Risk of type 2 diabetes from 1988 to 1996 according to COPD or asthma status

Person-yearsIncident diabetesAge-adjusted RR (95% CI)Age- and BMI-adjusted RR (95% CI)Multivariate RR (95% CI)*
COPD cohort (n = 97,245)      
    No COPD 726,840 2,940 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 
    COPD 2,505 19 1.8 (1.1–2.8) 1.9 (1.2–3.0) 1.8 (1.1–2.8) 
Asthma cohort (n = 94,511)      
    No asthma 693,066 2,758 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 
    Asthma 15,389 69 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 
Person-yearsIncident diabetesAge-adjusted RR (95% CI)Age- and BMI-adjusted RR (95% CI)Multivariate RR (95% CI)*
COPD cohort (n = 97,245)      
    No COPD 726,840 2,940 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 
    COPD 2,505 19 1.8 (1.1–2.8) 1.9 (1.2–3.0) 1.8 (1.1–2.8) 
Asthma cohort (n = 94,511)      
    No asthma 693,066 2,758 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 1.0 (reference) 
    Asthma 15,389 69 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 
*

Adjusted for age, BMI (in four categories), sedentary (weekly frequency of moderate-to-vigorous exercise <0.5 h), smoking status (never smoked, former smoker, current smoker [<25 cigarettes/day], or current smoker [≥25 cigarettes/day]), daily alcohol intake, and a dietary score variable.

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