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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics according to quartiles of plasma triglyceride–to–HDL cholesterol ratio

Characteristics<0.660.66–1.11.1–1.8> 1.8P
n 1239 1242 1241 1241  
Age (years) 44 ± 11 45 ± 10 44 ± 10 44 ± 9 0.264 
Female sex 810 (65) 549 (44) 394 (32) 193 (16) <0.001 
White ethnicity 1,169 (94) 1,176 (95) 1,204 (97) 1,214 (98) <0.001 
BMI (kg/m224 ± 3 25 ± 4 26 ± 4 28 ± 4 <0.001 
Resting heart rate (per minute) 81 ± 14 80 ± 13 80 ± 13 81 ± 13 0.350 
Resting systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122 ± 17 125 ± 17 127 ± 17 129 ± 16 <0.001 
Vasodilator treatment 42 (3) 57 (5) 66 (5) 80 (6) 0.017 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.5 5.3 ± 0.5 5.3 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.5 <0.001 
Cholesterol level (mmol/l) 5.3 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 6.0 ± 1.1 <0.001 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.78 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.4 3.1 ± 1.6 <0.001 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.7 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.2 <0.001 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.4 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.1 <0.001 
Current smoker 307 (25) 428 (34) 504 (41) 561 (45) <0.001 
Alcohol (g per week) 10 ± 14 11 ± 16 13 ± 19 15 ± 20 <0.001 
Exercise at least three times a week 279 (22) 247 (20) 238 (19) 229 (18) 0.063 
Regularly engage in strenuous exercise 336 (27) 319 (26) 287 (23) 278 (22) 0.021 
Education level (at least some college) 656 (53) 609 (49) 559 (45) 592 (48) 0.001 
Characteristics<0.660.66–1.11.1–1.8> 1.8P
n 1239 1242 1241 1241  
Age (years) 44 ± 11 45 ± 10 44 ± 10 44 ± 9 0.264 
Female sex 810 (65) 549 (44) 394 (32) 193 (16) <0.001 
White ethnicity 1,169 (94) 1,176 (95) 1,204 (97) 1,214 (98) <0.001 
BMI (kg/m224 ± 3 25 ± 4 26 ± 4 28 ± 4 <0.001 
Resting heart rate (per minute) 81 ± 14 80 ± 13 80 ± 13 81 ± 13 0.350 
Resting systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122 ± 17 125 ± 17 127 ± 17 129 ± 16 <0.001 
Vasodilator treatment 42 (3) 57 (5) 66 (5) 80 (6) 0.017 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.5 5.3 ± 0.5 5.3 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.5 <0.001 
Cholesterol level (mmol/l) 5.3 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 6.0 ± 1.1 <0.001 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.78 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.4 3.1 ± 1.6 <0.001 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.7 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.2 <0.001 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.4 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.1 <0.001 
Current smoker 307 (25) 428 (34) 504 (41) 561 (45) <0.001 
Alcohol (g per week) 10 ± 14 11 ± 16 13 ± 19 15 ± 20 <0.001 
Exercise at least three times a week 279 (22) 247 (20) 238 (19) 229 (18) 0.063 
Regularly engage in strenuous exercise 336 (27) 319 (26) 287 (23) 278 (22) 0.021 
Education level (at least some college) 656 (53) 609 (49) 559 (45) 592 (48) 0.001 

Data are means ± SD or n (%).

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