Skip to Main Content
Table 1—

Risk factor levels by quartiles of GI

GI quartile groups
20.8–46.046.1–48.648.7–51.551.6–67.7
Medians within GI quartiles     
    Age (years) 54 54 55 55 
    BMI (kg/m226.0 25.8 26.1 26.6 
    WHR 0.82 0.82 0.83 0.84 
    Carbohydrate (g/day) 236.7 226.4 229.2 238.4 
    Sugars (g/day) 127.9 113.8 109.3 103.0 
    Starch (g/day) 104.9 109.5 115.4 130.9 
    Fiber (g/day) 30.8 31.0 29.2 26.3 
    Magnesium (g/day) 473.3 390.0 362.0 323.0 
    GL 104.9 108.0 115.3 131.1 
    Cereal fiber (g/day) 8.9 10.4 10.6 10.4 
    Fruit fiber (g/day) 7.5 7.5 6.5 5.1 
    Vegetable fiber (g/day) 5.4 5.0 4.4 3.6 
    Legume fiber (g/day) 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 
    Potato fiber (g/day) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 
    Energy (kcal/day) 2,204 2,079 2,060 2,107 
    Cereal (times/week) 22.5 28.0 31.5 37.0 
    Breakfast cereal (times/week) 3.5 5.5 5.5 3.0 
    Rice (times/week) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 
    Bread (times/week) 7.0 7.5 8.5 17.5 
    White bread (times/week) 0.5 1.0 3.0 17.5 
    Whole-meal bread (times/week) 5.5 5.5 0.5 
    Savory cereal (times/week) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 
    Pasta (times/week) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
    Other cereal (times/week) 4.0 6.5 8.0 9.0 
    Vegetables (times/day)* 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 
    Potato (times/week) 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.0 
    Legumes (times/week) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 
    Fruit (times/day)* 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 
    Alcohol (g/day) 7.9 5.0 4.3 2.0 
Percentage distribution     
    Born in Australia 25.2 25.5 25.7 23.6 
    Born in U.K./Malta 27.1 26.8 24.8 21.2 
    Born in Greece/Macedonia 28.8 25.5 21.7 24.0 
    Born in Italy 19.4 20.5 23.9 36.2 
    Active 29.0 27.7 24.3 19.0 
    Family history of diabetes 24.2 23.0 25.8 27.0 
    Increased weight in the last 5 years 24.2 23.5 25.7 26.6 
    Did not go past primary school 23.5 22.0 23.6 30.9 
GI quartile groups
20.8–46.046.1–48.648.7–51.551.6–67.7
Medians within GI quartiles     
    Age (years) 54 54 55 55 
    BMI (kg/m226.0 25.8 26.1 26.6 
    WHR 0.82 0.82 0.83 0.84 
    Carbohydrate (g/day) 236.7 226.4 229.2 238.4 
    Sugars (g/day) 127.9 113.8 109.3 103.0 
    Starch (g/day) 104.9 109.5 115.4 130.9 
    Fiber (g/day) 30.8 31.0 29.2 26.3 
    Magnesium (g/day) 473.3 390.0 362.0 323.0 
    GL 104.9 108.0 115.3 131.1 
    Cereal fiber (g/day) 8.9 10.4 10.6 10.4 
    Fruit fiber (g/day) 7.5 7.5 6.5 5.1 
    Vegetable fiber (g/day) 5.4 5.0 4.4 3.6 
    Legume fiber (g/day) 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 
    Potato fiber (g/day) 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 
    Energy (kcal/day) 2,204 2,079 2,060 2,107 
    Cereal (times/week) 22.5 28.0 31.5 37.0 
    Breakfast cereal (times/week) 3.5 5.5 5.5 3.0 
    Rice (times/week) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 
    Bread (times/week) 7.0 7.5 8.5 17.5 
    White bread (times/week) 0.5 1.0 3.0 17.5 
    Whole-meal bread (times/week) 5.5 5.5 0.5 
    Savory cereal (times/week) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 
    Pasta (times/week) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 
    Other cereal (times/week) 4.0 6.5 8.0 9.0 
    Vegetables (times/day)* 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 
    Potato (times/week) 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.0 
    Legumes (times/week) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 
    Fruit (times/day)* 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 
    Alcohol (g/day) 7.9 5.0 4.3 2.0 
Percentage distribution     
    Born in Australia 25.2 25.5 25.7 23.6 
    Born in U.K./Malta 27.1 26.8 24.8 21.2 
    Born in Greece/Macedonia 28.8 25.5 21.7 24.0 
    Born in Italy 19.4 20.5 23.9 36.2 
    Active 29.0 27.7 24.3 19.0 
    Family history of diabetes 24.2 23.0 25.8 27.0 
    Increased weight in the last 5 years 24.2 23.5 25.7 26.6 
    Did not go past primary school 23.5 22.0 23.6 30.9 
*

Vegetables and fruit are in times per day rather than per week in order to correspond to Australian dietary recommendations;

percentage of the group falling within each GI quartile;

active is defined as the most active of four physical activity groups, based on frequency of walking, less vigorous activity, and twice the frequency of vigorous activity.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal