Skip to Main Content
Table 2—

ORs and CIs for quartiles of intake of food groups and tests for trend across quartiles

Food group*Multivariate adjusted
Further adjusted for BMI and WHR
Quartiles of intake
Increase of one time/weekP trendQuartiles of intake
Increase of one time/weekP trend
234234
Cereal 0.92 (0.68–1.24) 0.86 (0.63–1.19) 0.95 (0.66–1.36) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.8 0.93 (0.69–1.26) 0.97 (0.70–1.35) 1.05 (0.73–1.52) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.7 
Breakfast cereal 1.11 (0.81–1.50) 0.77 (0.56–1.07) 0.81 (0.61–1.08) 0.96 (0.93–1.00) 0.05 1.14 (0.84–1.56) 0.80 (0.58–1.12) 1.01 (0.75–1.35) 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 0.6 
Rice 0.74 (0.53–1.02) 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.89 (0.66–1.21) 1.00 (0.92–1.08) 0.99 0.77 (0.56–1.07) 0.91 (0.67–1.22) 0.93 (0.68–1.27) 1.01 (0.93–1.09) 0.9 
Bread 0.83 (0.59–1.16) 1.13 (0.83–1.54) 1.17 (0.83–1.65) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.05 0.81 (0.57–1.14) 1.06 (0.77–1.44) 1.12 (0.79–1.58) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.1 
White bread 0.69 (0.47–1.04) 1.08 (0.77–1.52) 1.37 (1.04–1.81) 1.18 (1.07–1.29) 0.001 0.66 (0.44–0.99) 0.95 (0.67–1.35) 1.13 (0.86–1.50) 1.11 (1.02–1.22) 0.04 
Whole-meal bread 0.71 (0.53–0.94) 0.76 (0.57–1.01) 0.75 (0.55–1.02) 0.94 (0.83–1.05) 0.3 0.72 (0.54–0.97) 0.82 (0.61–1.09) 0.86 (0.63–1.18) 0.99 (0.88–1.11) 0.8 
Savory cereal products 1.00 (0.76–1.33) 0.98 (0.72–1.35) 1.43 (1.04–1.96) 1.23 (1.00–1.51) 0.05 0.95 (0.71–1.26) 0.95 (0.69–1.30) 1.22 (0.89–1.69) 1.12 (0.91–1.38) 0.3 
Pasta 0.84 (0.60–1.19) 0.77 (0.55–1.07) 0.84 (0.59–1.19) 0.88 (0.42–1.84) 0.7 0.89 (0.63–1.27) 0.84 (0.60–1.18) 0.86 (0.60–1.23) 0.83 (0.39–1.77) 0.6 
Other cereal 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.73 (0.54–1.00) 0.64 (0.46–0.90) 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.01 0.93 (0.70–1.25) 0.82 (0.60–1.12) 0.79 (0.56–1.10) 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.2 
Vegetables 1.00 (0.71–1.40) 0.92 (0.65–1.31) 0.86 (0.59–1.24) 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.3 1.09 (0.78–1.54) 0.97 (0.68–1.39) 0.88 (0.60–1.28) 0.97 (0.91–1.03) 0.3 
Potatoes 0.80 (0.60–1.06) 0.79 (0.58–1.07) 0.90 (0.64–1.25) 0.98 (0.93–1.03) 0.4 0.84 (0.63–1.12) 0.82 (0.60–1.12) 0.98 (0.70–1.37) 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.7 
Legumes 1.05 (0.80–1.39) 0.78 (0.55–1.12) 1.10 (0.82–1.47) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.6 1.08 (0.81–1.43) 0.81 (0.56–1.16) 1.09 (0.81–1.47) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.7 
Fruit 0.72 (0.52–0.98) 0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.75 (0.53–1.07) 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.3 0.81 (0.59–1.12) 0.82 (0.58–1.16) 0.85 (0.59–1.22) 0.99 (0.93–1.04) 0.6 
Food group*Multivariate adjusted
Further adjusted for BMI and WHR
Quartiles of intake
Increase of one time/weekP trendQuartiles of intake
Increase of one time/weekP trend
234234
Cereal 0.92 (0.68–1.24) 0.86 (0.63–1.19) 0.95 (0.66–1.36) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.8 0.93 (0.69–1.26) 0.97 (0.70–1.35) 1.05 (0.73–1.52) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.7 
Breakfast cereal 1.11 (0.81–1.50) 0.77 (0.56–1.07) 0.81 (0.61–1.08) 0.96 (0.93–1.00) 0.05 1.14 (0.84–1.56) 0.80 (0.58–1.12) 1.01 (0.75–1.35) 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 0.6 
Rice 0.74 (0.53–1.02) 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.89 (0.66–1.21) 1.00 (0.92–1.08) 0.99 0.77 (0.56–1.07) 0.91 (0.67–1.22) 0.93 (0.68–1.27) 1.01 (0.93–1.09) 0.9 
Bread 0.83 (0.59–1.16) 1.13 (0.83–1.54) 1.17 (0.83–1.65) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.05 0.81 (0.57–1.14) 1.06 (0.77–1.44) 1.12 (0.79–1.58) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.1 
White bread 0.69 (0.47–1.04) 1.08 (0.77–1.52) 1.37 (1.04–1.81) 1.18 (1.07–1.29) 0.001 0.66 (0.44–0.99) 0.95 (0.67–1.35) 1.13 (0.86–1.50) 1.11 (1.02–1.22) 0.04 
Whole-meal bread 0.71 (0.53–0.94) 0.76 (0.57–1.01) 0.75 (0.55–1.02) 0.94 (0.83–1.05) 0.3 0.72 (0.54–0.97) 0.82 (0.61–1.09) 0.86 (0.63–1.18) 0.99 (0.88–1.11) 0.8 
Savory cereal products 1.00 (0.76–1.33) 0.98 (0.72–1.35) 1.43 (1.04–1.96) 1.23 (1.00–1.51) 0.05 0.95 (0.71–1.26) 0.95 (0.69–1.30) 1.22 (0.89–1.69) 1.12 (0.91–1.38) 0.3 
Pasta 0.84 (0.60–1.19) 0.77 (0.55–1.07) 0.84 (0.59–1.19) 0.88 (0.42–1.84) 0.7 0.89 (0.63–1.27) 0.84 (0.60–1.18) 0.86 (0.60–1.23) 0.83 (0.39–1.77) 0.6 
Other cereal 0.86 (0.64–1.15) 0.73 (0.54–1.00) 0.64 (0.46–0.90) 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.01 0.93 (0.70–1.25) 0.82 (0.60–1.12) 0.79 (0.56–1.10) 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.2 
Vegetables 1.00 (0.71–1.40) 0.92 (0.65–1.31) 0.86 (0.59–1.24) 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.3 1.09 (0.78–1.54) 0.97 (0.68–1.39) 0.88 (0.60–1.28) 0.97 (0.91–1.03) 0.3 
Potatoes 0.80 (0.60–1.06) 0.79 (0.58–1.07) 0.90 (0.64–1.25) 0.98 (0.93–1.03) 0.4 0.84 (0.63–1.12) 0.82 (0.60–1.12) 0.98 (0.70–1.37) 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.7 
Legumes 1.05 (0.80–1.39) 0.78 (0.55–1.12) 1.10 (0.82–1.47) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.6 1.08 (0.81–1.43) 0.81 (0.56–1.16) 1.09 (0.81–1.47) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.7 
Fruit 0.72 (0.52–0.98) 0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.75 (0.53–1.07) 0.97 (0.92–1.03) 0.3 0.81 (0.59–1.12) 0.82 (0.58–1.16) 0.85 (0.59–1.22) 0.99 (0.93–1.04) 0.6 

Data are OR (95% CI).

*

Cut points for food group quartiles 1–4, respectively, were the following: total cereal: <20, 20–28, 29–40, and ≥41 times/week; breakfast cereal: <0.01, 0.01–2.9, 3.0–6.9, and ≥7.0 times/week; rice: <1.0, 1.0–1.4, 1.5–2.4, and ≥2.5 times/week; bread: <6.0, 6.0–7.9, 8.0–18.0, and ≥18.0 times/week; white bread: <0.5, 0.5–2.9, 3.0–6.9, and ≥7.0 times/week; whole-meal bread: <0.5, 0.5–5.4, 5.5–17.4, and ≥17.5 times/week; other cereal: <2.0, 2.0–5.9, 6.0–11.0, and ≥11.0 times/week; savory cereal products: <0.5, 0.5–0.9, 1.0–1.4, and ≥1.5 times/week; pasta: <0.5, 0.5–0.9, 1.0–2.9, and ≥3.0 times/week; vegetables: <3.0, 3.0–4.9, 5.0–6.9, and ≥7.0 times/day; potatoes: <2.0, 2.0–3.9, 4.0–6.4, and ≥6.5 times/week; legumes: <2.0, 2.0–3.4, 3.5–4.9, and ≥5.0 times/week; and fruit: <2.0, 2.0–3.9, 4.0–5.9, and >6.0 times/day.

Adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, physical activity, family history of diabetes, alcohol intake, education level, weight change in the last 5 years, and energy intake.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal