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Table 3—

Association of nutrients and type 2 diabetes*

NutrientMultivariate adjusted
Further adjusted for BMI and WHR
OR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
Carbohydrate (200 g/day) 0.58 (0.36–0.95) 0.03 0.84 (0.51–1.39) 0.50 
Sugars (100 g/day) 0.61 (0.47–0.79) <0.001 0.72 (0.56–0.93) 0.01 
Starch (100 g/day) 1.47 (1.06–2.05) 0.02 1.52 (1.09–2.11) 0.01 
Fiber (20 g/day) 0.93 (0.73–1.18) 0.53 1.02 (0.81–1.30) 0.85 
Magnesium (500 mg/day) 0.62 (0.43–0.90) 0.01 0.73 (0.51–1.04) 0.07 
Cereal fiber (10 g/day) 0.97 (0.79–1.20) 0.79 1.08 (0.88–1.32) 0.46 
Fruit fiber (10 g/day) 0.93 (0.77–1.11) 0.40 0.97 (0.81–1.16) 0.71 
Vegetable fiber (5 g/day) 1.01 (0.87–1.18) 0.89 1.00 (0.86–1.17) 0.96 
Potato fiber (g/day) 1.04 (0.92–1.17) 0.57 1.03 (0.91–1.16) 0.65 
Legume fiber (g/day) 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.62 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.67 
GI (10 units) 1.32 (1.05–1.67) 0.02 1.23 (0.98–1.54) 0.08 
GL (100 units/day) 0.85 (0.56–1.29) 0.45 1.04 (0.68–1.58) 0.85 
NutrientMultivariate adjusted
Further adjusted for BMI and WHR
OR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
Carbohydrate (200 g/day) 0.58 (0.36–0.95) 0.03 0.84 (0.51–1.39) 0.50 
Sugars (100 g/day) 0.61 (0.47–0.79) <0.001 0.72 (0.56–0.93) 0.01 
Starch (100 g/day) 1.47 (1.06–2.05) 0.02 1.52 (1.09–2.11) 0.01 
Fiber (20 g/day) 0.93 (0.73–1.18) 0.53 1.02 (0.81–1.30) 0.85 
Magnesium (500 mg/day) 0.62 (0.43–0.90) 0.01 0.73 (0.51–1.04) 0.07 
Cereal fiber (10 g/day) 0.97 (0.79–1.20) 0.79 1.08 (0.88–1.32) 0.46 
Fruit fiber (10 g/day) 0.93 (0.77–1.11) 0.40 0.97 (0.81–1.16) 0.71 
Vegetable fiber (5 g/day) 1.01 (0.87–1.18) 0.89 1.00 (0.86–1.17) 0.96 
Potato fiber (g/day) 1.04 (0.92–1.17) 0.57 1.03 (0.91–1.16) 0.65 
Legume fiber (g/day) 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.62 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.67 
GI (10 units) 1.32 (1.05–1.67) 0.02 1.23 (0.98–1.54) 0.08 
GL (100 units/day) 0.85 (0.56–1.29) 0.45 1.04 (0.68–1.58) 0.85 
*

Variables are scaled so that the ORs correspond approximately to the difference between the 87.5th and 12.5th percentiles, i.e., the approximate medians within the highest and lowest quarters;

adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, physical activity, family history of diabetes, alcohol intake, education level, weight change in the last 5 years, and energy intake.

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