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Table 1—

Characteristics of the participants

OverweightObesityTotalP
n (%) 105 (19.7) 428 (80.3) 533 (100) — 
Age (years) 9.44 ± 2.3 9.78 ± 2.4 9.71 ± 2.3 0.2 
Sex (boys/girls) 35/70 226/202 261/272 <0.001 
Weight (kg) 37.8 ± 11.8 52.1 ± 17 49.3 ± 17.1 <0.001 
Height (cm) 132 ± 12 140 ± 14 138 ± 14 <0.001 
BMI (kg/m220.8 ± 4.1 25.6 ± 4.2 24.7 ± 4.6 <0.001 
Waist circumference (cm) 71.6 ± 9.8 78.5 ± 13 77.2 ± 13.3 <0.001 
Hip circumference (cm) 81.4 ± 10.3 86.7 ± 13.2 85.7 ± 12.9 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 100 ± 10 103 ± 12.9 102.4 ± 12.4 0.03 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 69.6 ± 8.5 72.6 ± 9.1 72 ± 9 0.003 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 92.4 ± 7.9 93.7 ± 8.2 93.4 ± 8.2 0.16 
2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl) 105 ± 34 112 ± 37 111 ± 36 0.10 
OverweightObesityTotalP
n (%) 105 (19.7) 428 (80.3) 533 (100) — 
Age (years) 9.44 ± 2.3 9.78 ± 2.4 9.71 ± 2.3 0.2 
Sex (boys/girls) 35/70 226/202 261/272 <0.001 
Weight (kg) 37.8 ± 11.8 52.1 ± 17 49.3 ± 17.1 <0.001 
Height (cm) 132 ± 12 140 ± 14 138 ± 14 <0.001 
BMI (kg/m220.8 ± 4.1 25.6 ± 4.2 24.7 ± 4.6 <0.001 
Waist circumference (cm) 71.6 ± 9.8 78.5 ± 13 77.2 ± 13.3 <0.001 
Hip circumference (cm) 81.4 ± 10.3 86.7 ± 13.2 85.7 ± 12.9 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 100 ± 10 103 ± 12.9 102.4 ± 12.4 0.03 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 69.6 ± 8.5 72.6 ± 9.1 72 ± 9 0.003 
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 92.4 ± 7.9 93.7 ± 8.2 93.4 ± 8.2 0.16 
2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl) 105 ± 34 112 ± 37 111 ± 36 0.10 

Data are means ± SD.

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