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Table 2—

Prediction of the metabolic syndrome score by physical activity and fitness

Metabolic syndrome Z score including adiposity
Metabolic syndrome Z score excluding adiposity*
PA coefficient (standardized)95% CIPPA coefficient (standardized)95% CIP
Model A: adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, sexual maturation, parental smoking, and socioeconomic group of each parent −0.020 (−0.092) −0.035 to −0.006 0.008 −0.025 (−0.115) −0.043 to −0.008 0.005 
Model B: model A, additionally adjusted for fitness −0.012 (−0.053) −0.027 to 0.004 0.127 −0.020 (−0.089) −0.039 to −0.000 0.045 
Model C: model B, including interaction term −0.078 (−0.071) −0.129 to −0.028 0.004 −0.071 (−0.102) −0.135 to −0.007 0.031 
    Interaction 0.021 (0.054) 0.006–0.036 0.010 0.016 (0.042) −0.003 to 0.035 0.092 
Metabolic syndrome Z score including adiposity
Metabolic syndrome Z score excluding adiposity*
PA coefficient (standardized)95% CIPPA coefficient (standardized)95% CIP
Model A: adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, sexual maturation, parental smoking, and socioeconomic group of each parent −0.020 (−0.092) −0.035 to −0.006 0.008 −0.025 (−0.115) −0.043 to −0.008 0.005 
Model B: model A, additionally adjusted for fitness −0.012 (−0.053) −0.027 to 0.004 0.127 −0.020 (−0.089) −0.039 to −0.000 0.045 
Model C: model B, including interaction term −0.078 (−0.071) −0.129 to −0.028 0.004 −0.071 (−0.102) −0.135 to −0.007 0.031 
    Interaction 0.021 (0.054) 0.006–0.036 0.010 0.016 (0.042) −0.003 to 0.035 0.092 

Data are absolute β-coefficients (standardized values) or 95% CIs. Average CSA cpm was normalized by square root. Ninety-five percent CIs were obtained with robust SEs by clustering on school.

*

All models of nonadiposity metabolic syndrome are additionally adjusted for adiposity as an exposure. PA, physical activity.

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