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Table 2—

Prevalence of each metabolic syndrome risk factor within each race, sex, and BMI category*

BMI (kg/m2)Men
Women
All
BlackHispanicWhiteBlackHispanicWhite
High waist circumference (>102 cm men, >88 cm women)        
    18.5–20.9 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.4 ± 0.4 0.5 ± 0.4 0.1 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.1 
    21.0–22.9 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.1 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.9 8.3 ± 2.3 4.0 ± 0.7 3.6 ± 0.5 
    23.0–24.9 0.0 ± 0.0 1.0 ± 0.6 1.9 ± 0.5 7.3 ± 1.3 19.6 ± 2.7 12.5 ± 1.1 11.6 ± 1.1 
    25.0–26.9 4.0 ± 1.3 1.7 ± 0.5 9.7 ± 1.2 22.6 ± 2.0 47.7 ± 3.7 27.1 ± 1.6 25.8 ± 1.2 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High triglycerides (>150 mg/dl)        
    18.5–20.9 14.2 ± 2.8 10.5 ± 3.3 15.4 ± 3.3 11.5 ± 1.8 8.9 ± 2.6 8.9 ± 1.3 9.7 ± 1.2 
    21.0–22.9 12.7 ± 2.2 19.7 ± 3.1 19.0 ± 2.6 10.8 ± 1.5 17.1 ± 3.1 18.4 ± 1.6 18.7 ± 1.2 
    23.0–24.9 18.7 ± 2.5 29.8 ± 2.9 27.5 ± 2.4 16.1 ± 1.8 24.4 ± 3.0 26.1 ± 1.6 25.1 ± 1.5 
    25.0–26.9 24.6 ± 3.1 46.9 ± 3.1 44.3 ± 2.8 21.9 ± 2.1 36.5 ± 3.5 39.9 ± 2.0 38.6 ± 1.8 
    P for trend 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 0.005 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
Low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg/dl men, <50 mg/dl women)        
    18.5–20.9 11.8 ± 2.7 8.9 ± 2.7 23.3 ± 4.2 14.6 ± 2.0 30.4 ± 4.3 26.2 ± 2.1 24.4 ± 2.0 
    21.0–22.9 11.5 ± 3.0 18.3 ± 2.9 20.6 ± 2.6 18.9 ± 2.3 34.9 ± 4.1 26.9 ± 1.8 26.9 ± 2.0 
    23.0–24.9 12.0 ± 2.1 28.2 ± 3.1 29.7 ± 2.5 18.6 ± 1.9 44.2 ± 3.6 30.7 ± 1.8 30.3 ± 1.6 
    25.0–26.9 27.2 ± 3.1 40.3 ± 3.1 42.0 ± 2.7 31.9 ± 2.4 47.5 ± 3.7 42.5 ± 2.0 41.9 ± 1.7 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.005 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High blood pressure (systolic >130 mmHg or diastolic >85 mmHg)        
    18.5–20.9 26.2 ± 3.3 6.6 ± 2.0 17.7 ± 3.1 21.9 ± 2.3 8.3 ± 2.8 15.8 ± 1.5 15.7 ± 1.6 
    21.0–22.9 36.2 ± 3.5 17.3 ± 2.9 27.4 ± 2.8 31.1 ± 2.4 13.5 ± 2.5 23.8 ± 1.6 23.7 ± 1.4 
    23.0–24.9 32.8 ± 2.9 18.5 ± 2.2 28.9 ± 2.4 29.8 ± 2.2 16.7 ± 2.5 29.0 ± 1.7 28.4 ± 1.6 
    25.0–26.9 41.5 ± 3.2 34.5 ± 2.9 40.2 ± 2.7 41.0 ± 2.4 21.7 ± 2.7 39.7 ± 1.9 38.0 ± 1.7 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High glucose (>110 mg/dl)        
    18.5–20.9 4.9 ± 1.6 5.1 ± 2.3 3.6 ± 1.2 3.9 ± 1.0 1.0 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.5 
    21.0–22.9 5.2 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.5 6.2 ± 1.3 6.1 ± 1.1 3.9 ± 1.3 5.0 ± 0.8 5.3 ± 0.6 
    23.0–24.9 6.0 ± 1.3 6.5 ± 1.5 5.8 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 6.4 ± 1.6 5.5 ± 0.7 6.2 ± 0.7 
    25.0–26.9 9.1 ± 1.6 11.5 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.1 11.5 ± 1.5 8.5 ± 1.6 7.5 ± 0.8 7.9 ± 0.5 
    P for trend 0.039 0.003 0.049 0.002 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 
BMI (kg/m2)Men
Women
All
BlackHispanicWhiteBlackHispanicWhite
High waist circumference (>102 cm men, >88 cm women)        
    18.5–20.9 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.4 ± 0.4 0.5 ± 0.4 0.1 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.1 
    21.0–22.9 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.1 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.9 8.3 ± 2.3 4.0 ± 0.7 3.6 ± 0.5 
    23.0–24.9 0.0 ± 0.0 1.0 ± 0.6 1.9 ± 0.5 7.3 ± 1.3 19.6 ± 2.7 12.5 ± 1.1 11.6 ± 1.1 
    25.0–26.9 4.0 ± 1.3 1.7 ± 0.5 9.7 ± 1.2 22.6 ± 2.0 47.7 ± 3.7 27.1 ± 1.6 25.8 ± 1.2 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High triglycerides (>150 mg/dl)        
    18.5–20.9 14.2 ± 2.8 10.5 ± 3.3 15.4 ± 3.3 11.5 ± 1.8 8.9 ± 2.6 8.9 ± 1.3 9.7 ± 1.2 
    21.0–22.9 12.7 ± 2.2 19.7 ± 3.1 19.0 ± 2.6 10.8 ± 1.5 17.1 ± 3.1 18.4 ± 1.6 18.7 ± 1.2 
    23.0–24.9 18.7 ± 2.5 29.8 ± 2.9 27.5 ± 2.4 16.1 ± 1.8 24.4 ± 3.0 26.1 ± 1.6 25.1 ± 1.5 
    25.0–26.9 24.6 ± 3.1 46.9 ± 3.1 44.3 ± 2.8 21.9 ± 2.1 36.5 ± 3.5 39.9 ± 2.0 38.6 ± 1.8 
    P for trend 0.008 <0.001 <0.001 0.005 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
Low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg/dl men, <50 mg/dl women)        
    18.5–20.9 11.8 ± 2.7 8.9 ± 2.7 23.3 ± 4.2 14.6 ± 2.0 30.4 ± 4.3 26.2 ± 2.1 24.4 ± 2.0 
    21.0–22.9 11.5 ± 3.0 18.3 ± 2.9 20.6 ± 2.6 18.9 ± 2.3 34.9 ± 4.1 26.9 ± 1.8 26.9 ± 2.0 
    23.0–24.9 12.0 ± 2.1 28.2 ± 3.1 29.7 ± 2.5 18.6 ± 1.9 44.2 ± 3.6 30.7 ± 1.8 30.3 ± 1.6 
    25.0–26.9 27.2 ± 3.1 40.3 ± 3.1 42.0 ± 2.7 31.9 ± 2.4 47.5 ± 3.7 42.5 ± 2.0 41.9 ± 1.7 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.005 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High blood pressure (systolic >130 mmHg or diastolic >85 mmHg)        
    18.5–20.9 26.2 ± 3.3 6.6 ± 2.0 17.7 ± 3.1 21.9 ± 2.3 8.3 ± 2.8 15.8 ± 1.5 15.7 ± 1.6 
    21.0–22.9 36.2 ± 3.5 17.3 ± 2.9 27.4 ± 2.8 31.1 ± 2.4 13.5 ± 2.5 23.8 ± 1.6 23.7 ± 1.4 
    23.0–24.9 32.8 ± 2.9 18.5 ± 2.2 28.9 ± 2.4 29.8 ± 2.2 16.7 ± 2.5 29.0 ± 1.7 28.4 ± 1.6 
    25.0–26.9 41.5 ± 3.2 34.5 ± 2.9 40.2 ± 2.7 41.0 ± 2.4 21.7 ± 2.7 39.7 ± 1.9 38.0 ± 1.7 
    P for trend <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 
High glucose (>110 mg/dl)        
    18.5–20.9 4.9 ± 1.6 5.1 ± 2.3 3.6 ± 1.2 3.9 ± 1.0 1.0 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.5 
    21.0–22.9 5.2 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.5 6.2 ± 1.3 6.1 ± 1.1 3.9 ± 1.3 5.0 ± 0.8 5.3 ± 0.6 
    23.0–24.9 6.0 ± 1.3 6.5 ± 1.5 5.8 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 6.4 ± 1.6 5.5 ± 0.7 6.2 ± 0.7 
    25.0–26.9 9.1 ± 1.6 11.5 ± 1.8 7.8 ± 1.1 11.5 ± 1.5 8.5 ± 1.6 7.5 ± 0.8 7.9 ± 0.5 
    P for trend 0.039 0.003 0.049 0.002 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 

Data are mean ± SE.

*

SE exceeding 30% of the prevalence do not meet the standard of statistical reliability and precision.

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