Table 1—

Comparisons between diabetic/impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and nondiabetic subjects according to PPARγ genotype status

VariableNon–Ala carriers
PAla carriers
P
NondiabeticDiabetic/IFGNondiabeticDiabetic/IFG
n 39 3/2  5/1  
Weight (kg) 90.2 ± 22.1 127.4 ± 27.0 0.003 69.5 ± 13.3 109.3 ± 14.3 0.001 
Waist circumference (cm) 100.5 ± 20.0 133.8 ± 12.1 0.002 78.3 ± 6.1 115.8 ± 19.9 0.002 
BMI (kg/m232.6 ± 7.1 41.8 ± 7.7 0.018 25.8 ± 3.5 38.0 ± 7.8 0.006 
Age (years) 40.6 ± 15.1 56.8 ± 4.9 0.041 27.0 ± 5.7 48.7 ± 10.8 0.002 
Basal insulinemia (mUI/l) 14.4 ± 13.0 38.8 ± 29.9 0.003 10.8 ± 4.4 26.3 ± 14.3 0.030 
Basal glycemia (mg/dl) 92.0 ± 8.6 144.8 ± 38.3 <0.0001 84.7 ± 10.5 163.3 ± 60.4 0.010 
Energy expenditure (kcal/week) 776.6 ± 427.8 575.3 ± 117.3 0.358 1,016.3 ± 372.7 405.3 ± 122.0 0.003 
SFA (g/day) 39.9 ± 24.8 36.8 ± 18.4 0.808 26.7 ± 5.4 78.4 ± 36.7 0.007 
Trans FA (g/day) 19.0 ± 13.4 19.3 ± 13.2 0.964 8.8 ± 1.4 35.9 ± 13.4 <0.001 
VariableNon–Ala carriers
PAla carriers
P
NondiabeticDiabetic/IFGNondiabeticDiabetic/IFG
n 39 3/2  5/1  
Weight (kg) 90.2 ± 22.1 127.4 ± 27.0 0.003 69.5 ± 13.3 109.3 ± 14.3 0.001 
Waist circumference (cm) 100.5 ± 20.0 133.8 ± 12.1 0.002 78.3 ± 6.1 115.8 ± 19.9 0.002 
BMI (kg/m232.6 ± 7.1 41.8 ± 7.7 0.018 25.8 ± 3.5 38.0 ± 7.8 0.006 
Age (years) 40.6 ± 15.1 56.8 ± 4.9 0.041 27.0 ± 5.7 48.7 ± 10.8 0.002 
Basal insulinemia (mUI/l) 14.4 ± 13.0 38.8 ± 29.9 0.003 10.8 ± 4.4 26.3 ± 14.3 0.030 
Basal glycemia (mg/dl) 92.0 ± 8.6 144.8 ± 38.3 <0.0001 84.7 ± 10.5 163.3 ± 60.4 0.010 
Energy expenditure (kcal/week) 776.6 ± 427.8 575.3 ± 117.3 0.358 1,016.3 ± 372.7 405.3 ± 122.0 0.003 
SFA (g/day) 39.9 ± 24.8 36.8 ± 18.4 0.808 26.7 ± 5.4 78.4 ± 36.7 0.007 
Trans FA (g/day) 19.0 ± 13.4 19.3 ± 13.2 0.964 8.8 ± 1.4 35.9 ± 13.4 <0.001 

Data are means ± SD.

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