Table 1—

List of diabetes prevalence studies by country of study giving sample size, age-group, and the countries to which the data were extrapolated

Country of study, year, and reference*Sample sizeAge-group (years)Additional countries that estimates were applied to
Australia, 2000 (21) 11,247 ≥25 New Zealand 
Bolivia, 1998 (22) 2,948 ≥20 Ecuador, Peru 
Brazil, 1988/1989 (23) 2,051 30–69 Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela 
Cameroon, published 1997 (24) 1,767 24–74 Angola, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Sao Tome, and Principe 
China, 1994 (4) 224,251 25–64 North Korea/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 
Colombia, 1988/1989 (25) 670 ≥30 Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama 
Fiji, 1980 (26) 1,709 ≥20 Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu 
Ghana, 1998 (27) 4,733 ≥25 Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo 
India, 2000 (28) 11,216 ≥20 Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal 
Iran, 1999/2000 (29) 9,229 ≥20 Azerbaijan, Iraq, Yemen 
Israel (30) 1,502 25–64  
Japan Funagata, 1990–1992 (31) 2,624 ≥40  
Jordan (32) 2,836 ≥25 Syria, urban Egypt 
Lebanon§ 2,518 ≥30  
Malta (33) 2,149 ≥15  
Mauritius (34) 4,929 25–74 Seychelles 
Mongolia (35) 2,449 ≥35  
Nauru (36) 1,546 ≥20  
Netherlands, 1989–1992 (37) 2,484 50–74 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. 
Oman, 1991 (38) 2,963 ≥20 Qatar 
Pakistan: rural Baluchistan (39) 570 ≥25 Afghanistan 
Pakistan: Sindh, 1994 (40) 967 ≥25  
Paraguay, 1991/1992 (41) 1,606 urban white Hispanic 20–74 Suriname 
Poland 2,523 25–74 Bosnia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine 
Russia 1,602 25–64  
Samoa (42) 1,772 25–74 Cook Islands, Niue, Tonga, Tuvalu 
Saudi Arabia (43) 25,337 2–77 Bahrain, Kuwait 
Singapore (44) 3,568 18–69 Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand 
South Africa (45) 729 ≥30 Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe 
South Korea/Republic of Korea (46) 2,520 ≥30  
Spain (47) 2,214 30–89 Andorra, Italy, Monaco, San Marino, Portugal 
Sudan (48) 1,284 ≥25 Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger 
Tanzania, 1996/1997 (5) 1,698 ≥15 Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia 
Trinidad, 1977–1981 (49) 2,315 35–69 Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines 
Tunisia, 1976/1977, 1980/1981 (50) 3,826 urban ≥20 Algeria, Libya, Morocco 
 1,787 rural   
Turkey (51) 24,788 ≥20 Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Moldova, Romania 
United Arab Emirates, 2000# 5,844 ≥19  
U.S., 1988–1994 (52) 2,844 40–74 Canada 
Uzbekistan, 1996 (53) 1,956 ≥35 Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan 
Vietnam** 1,121 ≥25 Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar 
Country of study, year, and reference*Sample sizeAge-group (years)Additional countries that estimates were applied to
Australia, 2000 (21) 11,247 ≥25 New Zealand 
Bolivia, 1998 (22) 2,948 ≥20 Ecuador, Peru 
Brazil, 1988/1989 (23) 2,051 30–69 Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela 
Cameroon, published 1997 (24) 1,767 24–74 Angola, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Sao Tome, and Principe 
China, 1994 (4) 224,251 25–64 North Korea/Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 
Colombia, 1988/1989 (25) 670 ≥30 Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama 
Fiji, 1980 (26) 1,709 ≥20 Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu 
Ghana, 1998 (27) 4,733 ≥25 Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo 
India, 2000 (28) 11,216 ≥20 Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal 
Iran, 1999/2000 (29) 9,229 ≥20 Azerbaijan, Iraq, Yemen 
Israel (30) 1,502 25–64  
Japan Funagata, 1990–1992 (31) 2,624 ≥40  
Jordan (32) 2,836 ≥25 Syria, urban Egypt 
Lebanon§ 2,518 ≥30  
Malta (33) 2,149 ≥15  
Mauritius (34) 4,929 25–74 Seychelles 
Mongolia (35) 2,449 ≥35  
Nauru (36) 1,546 ≥20  
Netherlands, 1989–1992 (37) 2,484 50–74 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. 
Oman, 1991 (38) 2,963 ≥20 Qatar 
Pakistan: rural Baluchistan (39) 570 ≥25 Afghanistan 
Pakistan: Sindh, 1994 (40) 967 ≥25  
Paraguay, 1991/1992 (41) 1,606 urban white Hispanic 20–74 Suriname 
Poland 2,523 25–74 Bosnia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine 
Russia 1,602 25–64  
Samoa (42) 1,772 25–74 Cook Islands, Niue, Tonga, Tuvalu 
Saudi Arabia (43) 25,337 2–77 Bahrain, Kuwait 
Singapore (44) 3,568 18–69 Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand 
South Africa (45) 729 ≥30 Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe 
South Korea/Republic of Korea (46) 2,520 ≥30  
Spain (47) 2,214 30–89 Andorra, Italy, Monaco, San Marino, Portugal 
Sudan (48) 1,284 ≥25 Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger 
Tanzania, 1996/1997 (5) 1,698 ≥15 Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia 
Trinidad, 1977–1981 (49) 2,315 35–69 Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines 
Tunisia, 1976/1977, 1980/1981 (50) 3,826 urban ≥20 Algeria, Libya, Morocco 
 1,787 rural   
Turkey (51) 24,788 ≥20 Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Moldova, Romania 
United Arab Emirates, 2000# 5,844 ≥19  
U.S., 1988–1994 (52) 2,844 40–74 Canada 
Uzbekistan, 1996 (53) 1,956 ≥35 Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan 
Vietnam** 1,121 ≥25 Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar 
*

Year indicates year of study, if given, or year of publication.

Indicates data that were not used in estimates for 1990.

Indicates same diabetes prevalence data used for urban and rural populations.

§

I. Salti, M. Khogali, S. Alam, N. Nassar, A. Masri, personal communication.

E. Shubnikov, personal communication.

Z. Szybinski, W. Zukowski, R. Rita, J. Sieradzki, I. Turska-Karbowska, M. Gizler, personal communication.

#

M. Malik, A. Bakir, B. Abi Saab, G.R., H.K., personal communication.

**

P. Khi, personal communication.

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