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Table 1—

Demographic and health characteristics of ELDER participants, overall

N 696 
Ethnicity  
    African American 220 (31.6) 
    White 295 (42.4) 
    Native American 181 (26.0) 
Demographic  
    Female 343 (49.3) 
    Married 348 (50.0) 
    Age (years) 74.1 ± 5.41 
Formal education (n = 695)  
    Less than high school 451 (64.9) 
    High school 145 (20.9) 
    At least some college 99 (14.2) 
Number of people in home  
    1 213 (30.6) 
    2 339 (48.7) 
    ≥3 144 (20.7) 
Poverty status (n = 666)  
    On Medicaid 235 (35.3) 
    No Medicaid, household income <$25,000 303 (45.5) 
    No Medicaid, household income ≥$25,000 128 (19.2) 
Health/diabetes therapy  
    No medication 86 (12.4) 
    Oral agent only 418 (60.1) 
    Insulin with or without oral agents 192 (27.6) 
    Number of prescription medications >5 368 (53.3) 
    Number of chronic conditions >5 220 (31.6) 
    Diabetes duration (years) 12.4 ± 10.98 
    BMI (kg/m2) (n = 664) 29.6 ± 5.88 
    HbA1c (%) (n = 691) 6.8 ± 1.32 
    SF-12 physical component score (n = 664) 35.1 ± 11.37 
    CES-D ≥9 110 (15.8) 
N 696 
Ethnicity  
    African American 220 (31.6) 
    White 295 (42.4) 
    Native American 181 (26.0) 
Demographic  
    Female 343 (49.3) 
    Married 348 (50.0) 
    Age (years) 74.1 ± 5.41 
Formal education (n = 695)  
    Less than high school 451 (64.9) 
    High school 145 (20.9) 
    At least some college 99 (14.2) 
Number of people in home  
    1 213 (30.6) 
    2 339 (48.7) 
    ≥3 144 (20.7) 
Poverty status (n = 666)  
    On Medicaid 235 (35.3) 
    No Medicaid, household income <$25,000 303 (45.5) 
    No Medicaid, household income ≥$25,000 128 (19.2) 
Health/diabetes therapy  
    No medication 86 (12.4) 
    Oral agent only 418 (60.1) 
    Insulin with or without oral agents 192 (27.6) 
    Number of prescription medications >5 368 (53.3) 
    Number of chronic conditions >5 220 (31.6) 
    Diabetes duration (years) 12.4 ± 10.98 
    BMI (kg/m2) (n = 664) 29.6 ± 5.88 
    HbA1c (%) (n = 691) 6.8 ± 1.32 
    SF-12 physical component score (n = 664) 35.1 ± 11.37 
    CES-D ≥9 110 (15.8) 

Data are n (%) or means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

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