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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics and dietary intakes according to plasma adiponectin level

Plasma adiponectin quintiles
Q1 (n = 162)Q2 (n = 162)Q3 (n = 150)Q4 (n = 160)Q5 (n = 145)
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 7.2 (<9.3) 10.8 (9.3–12.5) 14.2 (12.5–16.3) 18.5 (16.4–21.3) 26.5 (≥21.5) 
Age (years) 53 ± 8 55 ± 8 55 ± 9 57 ± 7 58 ± 8 
BMI (kg/m228.4 ± 4.2 28.5 ± 3.7 28.0 ± 4.2 27.4 ± 4.0 26.1 ± 3.6 
Current smoker (%) 7.5 13.5 13.2 13.2 14.0 
Alcohol consumption (g/day) 8.2 ± 13.4 11.0 ± 18.9 8.7 ± 14.3 13.8 ± 19.0 12.1 ± 15.9 
Physical activity (h/week) 13.7 ± 23.1 14.3 ± 16.5 14.4 ± 21.2 14.5 ± 18.8 14.8 ± 15.8 
Family history of myocardial infarction (%) 17.9 14.2 11.3 9.4 8.3 
History of hypertension (%) 37.6 37.0 36.7 31.2 27.6 
History of hypercholesterolemia (%) 20.4 14.2 12.0 13.7 12.4 
Current aspirin use (%) 30.9 29.6 33.3 34.4 31.0 
Insulin use (%) 10.5 8.6 17.3 20.0 29.7 
HbA1c (%) 7.2 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.2 
Diet      
    Total fat (% of energy) 32.5 ± 5.1 33.3 ± 5.4 33.4 ± 5.8 33.0 ± 5.0 32.3 ± 5.5 
    Saturated fat (% of energy) 10.9 ± 2.1 11.3 ± 2.3 11.3 ± 2.4 11.2 ± 2.4 10.9 ± 2.3 
    Polyunsaturated fat (% of energy) 6.0 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.3 5.9 ± 1.2 5.8 ± 1.2 
    Monounsaturated fat (% of energy) 12.6 ± 2.2 12.9 ± 2.3 13.0 ± 2.5 12.9 ± 2.1 12.6 ± 2.5 
    Trans-fat (% of energy) 1.4 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.4 
    Cholesterol (mg/day) 301 ± 103 304 ± 111 304 ± 121 318 ± 121 297 ± 141 
    Total protein (% of energy) 19.4 ± 2.8 19.1 ± 2.6 19.2 ± 2.7 19.2 ± 2.7 19.0 ± 2.6 
    Carbohydrate (% of energy) 47.3 ± 6.5 46.0 ± 6.3 46.6 ± 7.0 45.4 ± 6.9 47.0 ± 7.0 
    Total fiber (g/day) 21.7 ± 5.9 21.6 ± 5.9 21.9 ± 6.0 22.2 ± 5.9 23.7 ± 6.4 
    Cereal fiber (g/day) 6.3 ± 2.6 6.3 ± 2.6 6.4 ± 3.1 6.8 ± 3.4 7.1 ± 3.1 
    Fruit fiber (g/day) 4.8 ± 2.6 4.7 ± 2.7 4.6 ± 2.6 4.5 ± 2.2 5.5 ± 2.8 
    Vegetable fiber (g/day) 7.3 ± 2.9 7.4 ± 2.9 7.1 ± 3.1 7.5 ± 2.9 7.6 ± 3.2 
    Magnesium (mg/day) 373 ± 64 368 ± 69 368 ± 69 385 ± 68 380 ± 37 
Glycemic index 53.0 ± 2.8 52.5 ± 2.7 52.6 ± 2.9 52.5 ± 2.5 52.0 ± 2.7 
Glycemic load 125 ± 19 121 ± 19 123 ± 21 119 ± 21 122 ± 20 
Plasma adiponectin quintiles
Q1 (n = 162)Q2 (n = 162)Q3 (n = 150)Q4 (n = 160)Q5 (n = 145)
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 7.2 (<9.3) 10.8 (9.3–12.5) 14.2 (12.5–16.3) 18.5 (16.4–21.3) 26.5 (≥21.5) 
Age (years) 53 ± 8 55 ± 8 55 ± 9 57 ± 7 58 ± 8 
BMI (kg/m228.4 ± 4.2 28.5 ± 3.7 28.0 ± 4.2 27.4 ± 4.0 26.1 ± 3.6 
Current smoker (%) 7.5 13.5 13.2 13.2 14.0 
Alcohol consumption (g/day) 8.2 ± 13.4 11.0 ± 18.9 8.7 ± 14.3 13.8 ± 19.0 12.1 ± 15.9 
Physical activity (h/week) 13.7 ± 23.1 14.3 ± 16.5 14.4 ± 21.2 14.5 ± 18.8 14.8 ± 15.8 
Family history of myocardial infarction (%) 17.9 14.2 11.3 9.4 8.3 
History of hypertension (%) 37.6 37.0 36.7 31.2 27.6 
History of hypercholesterolemia (%) 20.4 14.2 12.0 13.7 12.4 
Current aspirin use (%) 30.9 29.6 33.3 34.4 31.0 
Insulin use (%) 10.5 8.6 17.3 20.0 29.7 
HbA1c (%) 7.2 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.2 
Diet      
    Total fat (% of energy) 32.5 ± 5.1 33.3 ± 5.4 33.4 ± 5.8 33.0 ± 5.0 32.3 ± 5.5 
    Saturated fat (% of energy) 10.9 ± 2.1 11.3 ± 2.3 11.3 ± 2.4 11.2 ± 2.4 10.9 ± 2.3 
    Polyunsaturated fat (% of energy) 6.0 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.3 5.9 ± 1.2 5.8 ± 1.2 
    Monounsaturated fat (% of energy) 12.6 ± 2.2 12.9 ± 2.3 13.0 ± 2.5 12.9 ± 2.1 12.6 ± 2.5 
    Trans-fat (% of energy) 1.4 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.4 
    Cholesterol (mg/day) 301 ± 103 304 ± 111 304 ± 121 318 ± 121 297 ± 141 
    Total protein (% of energy) 19.4 ± 2.8 19.1 ± 2.6 19.2 ± 2.7 19.2 ± 2.7 19.0 ± 2.6 
    Carbohydrate (% of energy) 47.3 ± 6.5 46.0 ± 6.3 46.6 ± 7.0 45.4 ± 6.9 47.0 ± 7.0 
    Total fiber (g/day) 21.7 ± 5.9 21.6 ± 5.9 21.9 ± 6.0 22.2 ± 5.9 23.7 ± 6.4 
    Cereal fiber (g/day) 6.3 ± 2.6 6.3 ± 2.6 6.4 ± 3.1 6.8 ± 3.4 7.1 ± 3.1 
    Fruit fiber (g/day) 4.8 ± 2.6 4.7 ± 2.7 4.6 ± 2.6 4.5 ± 2.2 5.5 ± 2.8 
    Vegetable fiber (g/day) 7.3 ± 2.9 7.4 ± 2.9 7.1 ± 3.1 7.5 ± 2.9 7.6 ± 3.2 
    Magnesium (mg/day) 373 ± 64 368 ± 69 368 ± 69 385 ± 68 380 ± 37 
Glycemic index 53.0 ± 2.8 52.5 ± 2.7 52.6 ± 2.9 52.5 ± 2.5 52.0 ± 2.7 
Glycemic load 125 ± 19 121 ± 19 123 ± 21 119 ± 21 122 ± 20 

Dataaremedian(range)ormeans±SD.

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