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Table 5—

Ethnicity and diabetic retinopathy

EthnicityStudy (ref.)nMethodRetinopathy
Hispanics NHANES III (7) 939 Nonmydriatic photos Increased 
 Colorado (11) 279 3-field photos Decreased 
 Colorado (11) 143 3-field photos Equal 
 Arizona (12) 1,044 3-field photos Equal 
 San Antonio (8) 313 7-field photos Increased 
 VADT* 1,283 7-field photos Increased 
African Americans Maryland (13) 1,428 Nonmydriatic photos Equal 
 Maryland (14) 105 Nonmydriatic photos Increased 
 NHANES III (7) 939 Nonmydriatic photos Equal 
 VADT* 1,283 7-field photos Increased 
EthnicityStudy (ref.)nMethodRetinopathy
Hispanics NHANES III (7) 939 Nonmydriatic photos Increased 
 Colorado (11) 279 3-field photos Decreased 
 Colorado (11) 143 3-field photos Equal 
 Arizona (12) 1,044 3-field photos Equal 
 San Antonio (8) 313 7-field photos Increased 
 VADT* 1,283 7-field photos Increased 
African Americans Maryland (13) 1,428 Nonmydriatic photos Equal 
 Maryland (14) 105 Nonmydriatic photos Increased 
 NHANES III (7) 939 Nonmydriatic photos Equal 
 VADT* 1,283 7-field photos Increased 
*

Current study.

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