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Table 3—

Results for 5As scoring for overall scale and subscales by patient characteristics (n = 336)

Patient groupAssessAgreeAdviseAssistArrangeSignificance (P value)All items
All respondents 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0) 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0* 2.7 ± 1.0 <0.001 3.2 ± 1.0 
    Subgroup        
        Sex      0.172  
            Men 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 1.0 2.6 ± 1.0  3.1 ± 0.9 
            Women 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.1 2.8 ± 1.1  3.2 ± 1.0 
        Ethnicity      0.197  
            Latino 3.5 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 1.1 3.0 ± 1.0  3.4 ± 0.9 
            Non-Latino 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.1 ± 0.9 
        Annual income      0.945  
            <$30,000/year 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 1.0  3.2 ± 0.9 
            ≥$30,000/year 3.4 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.2 ± 0.9 
        Chronic conditions (in addition to type 2 diabetes)      0.296  
            <2 3.4 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.3 ± 0.9 
            ≥2 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.1  3.1 ± 1.0 
Patient groupAssessAgreeAdviseAssistArrangeSignificance (P value)All items
All respondents 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0) 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0* 2.7 ± 1.0 <0.001 3.2 ± 1.0 
    Subgroup        
        Sex      0.172  
            Men 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 1.0 2.6 ± 1.0  3.1 ± 0.9 
            Women 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.1 2.8 ± 1.1  3.2 ± 1.0 
        Ethnicity      0.197  
            Latino 3.5 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 1.1 3.0 ± 1.0  3.4 ± 0.9 
            Non-Latino 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.1 ± 0.9 
        Annual income      0.945  
            <$30,000/year 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 1.0  3.2 ± 0.9 
            ≥$30,000/year 3.4 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.2 ± 0.9 
        Chronic conditions (in addition to type 2 diabetes)      0.296  
            <2 3.4 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.0  3.3 ± 0.9 
            ≥2 3.3 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 1.0 2.7 ± 1.1  3.1 ± 1.0 
*

Mean significantly different from assess (P = 0.001), agree (P < 0.001), advise (P < 0.001), and arrange (P < 0.001).

Mean significantly different from assess (P < 0.001), agree (P < 0.001), advise (P < 0.001), and assist (P < 0.001).

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