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Table 1—

Type 2 diabetes prevalence rates and effects of major risk factors in Filipino-Americans (age 20–74 years)

Risk factorPercentage of participants* (n = 708–822)Weighted prevalence % (95% CI)Univariate analysis* (n = 696–747)
Multivariate analysis (n = 539)
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Age (years)       
 20–34 18.8 3.7 (0.6–6.8) 1.00  1.00  
 35–44 26.2 10.1 (5.8–14.4) 3.19 1.17–8.72 5.55 1.50–20.52 
 45–54 30.9 16.1 (11.4–20.8) 5.10 1.95–13.31 6.46 1.79–23.29 
 55–64 17.7 23.8 (16.6–31.0) 8.23 3.09–21.88 6.98 1.84–26.46 
 65–74 6.4 56.3 (41.8–70.8) 34.50 11.85–100.42 34.19 7.17–162.99 
Sex       
 Female 61.3 13.1 (10.0–16.2) 1.00  1.00  
 Male 38.7 19.7 (15.1–24.3) 1.65 1.11–2.46 1.80 1.05–32.09 
Family history of diabetes       
 No 54.7 6.4 (3.9–8.9) 1.00  1.00  
 Yes 45.3 25.5 (20.7–30.3) 4.41 2.75–7.09 4.69 2.59–8.52 
Obesity       
 BMI ≤30 94.6 15.1 (12.4–17.8) 1.00  1.00  
 BMI >30 5.4 30.0 (16.6–43.4) 2.67 1.37–5.20 3.56 1.40–9.04 
Physical activity       
 Sedentary 29.0 13.0 (8.5–17.5) 1.00  1.00  
 Moderate or high 71.0 17.0 (13.8–20.2) 0.79 0.50–1.25 1.15 0.64–2.05 
Education       
 Above high school 97.0 14.9 (12.2–17.6) 1.00  1.00  
 High school or lower 3.0 23.6 (4.5–42.7) 1.27 0.57–2.81 0.46 0.12–1.78 
Household income       
 ≥$20,000 92.9 14.5 (11.7–17.3) 1.00  1.00  
 <$20,000 7.1 28.2 (15.2–41.2) 1.80 1.09–2.96 2.50 0.88–7.14 
Acculturation       
 High 6.9 5.1 (0.0–11.0) 1.00  1.00  
 Middle or low 93.1 17.0 (14.1–19.8) 1.16 0.80–1.67 0.57 0.13–2.45 
Region of birth       
 Luzon, Visayas, Manila 93.3 16.0 (13.2–18.8) 1.00  1.00  
 Mindanao 6.7 27.5 (14.6–40.4) 1.94 0.97–3.87 3.18 1.31–7.71 
Risk factorPercentage of participants* (n = 708–822)Weighted prevalence % (95% CI)Univariate analysis* (n = 696–747)
Multivariate analysis (n = 539)
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Age (years)       
 20–34 18.8 3.7 (0.6–6.8) 1.00  1.00  
 35–44 26.2 10.1 (5.8–14.4) 3.19 1.17–8.72 5.55 1.50–20.52 
 45–54 30.9 16.1 (11.4–20.8) 5.10 1.95–13.31 6.46 1.79–23.29 
 55–64 17.7 23.8 (16.6–31.0) 8.23 3.09–21.88 6.98 1.84–26.46 
 65–74 6.4 56.3 (41.8–70.8) 34.50 11.85–100.42 34.19 7.17–162.99 
Sex       
 Female 61.3 13.1 (10.0–16.2) 1.00  1.00  
 Male 38.7 19.7 (15.1–24.3) 1.65 1.11–2.46 1.80 1.05–32.09 
Family history of diabetes       
 No 54.7 6.4 (3.9–8.9) 1.00  1.00  
 Yes 45.3 25.5 (20.7–30.3) 4.41 2.75–7.09 4.69 2.59–8.52 
Obesity       
 BMI ≤30 94.6 15.1 (12.4–17.8) 1.00  1.00  
 BMI >30 5.4 30.0 (16.6–43.4) 2.67 1.37–5.20 3.56 1.40–9.04 
Physical activity       
 Sedentary 29.0 13.0 (8.5–17.5) 1.00  1.00  
 Moderate or high 71.0 17.0 (13.8–20.2) 0.79 0.50–1.25 1.15 0.64–2.05 
Education       
 Above high school 97.0 14.9 (12.2–17.6) 1.00  1.00  
 High school or lower 3.0 23.6 (4.5–42.7) 1.27 0.57–2.81 0.46 0.12–1.78 
Household income       
 ≥$20,000 92.9 14.5 (11.7–17.3) 1.00  1.00  
 <$20,000 7.1 28.2 (15.2–41.2) 1.80 1.09–2.96 2.50 0.88–7.14 
Acculturation       
 High 6.9 5.1 (0.0–11.0) 1.00  1.00  
 Middle or low 93.1 17.0 (14.1–19.8) 1.16 0.80–1.67 0.57 0.13–2.45 
Region of birth       
 Luzon, Visayas, Manila 93.3 16.0 (13.2–18.8) 1.00  1.00  
 Mindanao 6.7 27.5 (14.6–40.4) 1.94 0.97–3.87 3.18 1.31–7.71 
*

n varies due to missing values;

standard population: Filipino immigrant population in the U.S. (Bureau of the Census Current Population Survey, 1996);

referent population.

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