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Table 1—

Risk factors for complications by case/control status (adjusted for age and sex)

Control subjectsCasesP
n 84 140  
Age (years) 35.9 ± 1.1 40.9 ± 0.8 0.0003 
Duration of diabetes (years) 15.1 ± 0.9 24.4 ± 0.7 0.0001 
HbA1c (%) 7.3 ± 0.2 8.9 ± 0.1 0.0001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 118 ± 2 127 ± 2 0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 1 76 ± 1 0.2 
Height (cm) 170 ± 0.7 169 ± 0.5 0.1 
Weight (kg) 69.9 ± 1.1 71.1 ± 0.9 0.3 
BMI (kg/m224.1 ± 0.4 24.9 ± 0.3 0.05 
Waist circumference (cm) 83.4 ± 1.2 86.9 ± 0.9 0.02 
Hip circumference (cm) 97.6 ± 1.0 97.6 ± 0.7 1.0 
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.86 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.04 
Control subjectsCasesP
n 84 140  
Age (years) 35.9 ± 1.1 40.9 ± 0.8 0.0003 
Duration of diabetes (years) 15.1 ± 0.9 24.4 ± 0.7 0.0001 
HbA1c (%) 7.3 ± 0.2 8.9 ± 0.1 0.0001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 118 ± 2 127 ± 2 0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 1 76 ± 1 0.2 
Height (cm) 170 ± 0.7 169 ± 0.5 0.1 
Weight (kg) 69.9 ± 1.1 71.1 ± 0.9 0.3 
BMI (kg/m224.1 ± 0.4 24.9 ± 0.3 0.05 
Waist circumference (cm) 83.4 ± 1.2 86.9 ± 0.9 0.02 
Hip circumference (cm) 97.6 ± 1.0 97.6 ± 0.7 1.0 
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.86 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.04 

Data are means ± SEM.

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