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Table 4—

Lipids and lipoproteins by retinopathy status (adjusted for age and sex)

No retinopathyBackground retinopathyProliferative retinopathyP for trend
n 110 54 64  
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.0 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.2 5.9 ± 0.1 0.0001 
HDL (mmol/l) 1.67 ± 0.04 1.54 ± 0.06 1.62 ± 0.05 0.3 
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 0.84 (0.75–0.95) 1.07 (0.88–1.29) 1.17 (1.02–1.36) 0.02 
LDL (mmol/l) 2.87 ± 0.12 2.98 ± 0.20 3.68 ± 0.15 0.002 
ApoA1 (mg/dl) 1.31 ± 0.05 1.40 ± 0.06 1.52 ± 0.06 0.04 
LpA1 (mg/dl) 66.1 (63.0–69.3) 64.6 (60.2–69.3) 68.0 (63.8–72.3) 0.6 
LpA1/A2 (mg/dl) 81.4 ± 1.8 84.5 ± 2.7 84.3 ± 2.4 0.5 
ApoB (mg/dl) 73.8 (70.2–77.6) 84.7 (78.6–91.2) 91.9 (86.1–98.1) 0.0001 
LDL particle size (nm) 27.1 ± 0.1 27.0 ± 0.2 26.9 ± 0.1 0.3 
No retinopathyBackground retinopathyProliferative retinopathyP for trend
n 110 54 64  
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.0 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.2 5.9 ± 0.1 0.0001 
HDL (mmol/l) 1.67 ± 0.04 1.54 ± 0.06 1.62 ± 0.05 0.3 
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 0.84 (0.75–0.95) 1.07 (0.88–1.29) 1.17 (1.02–1.36) 0.02 
LDL (mmol/l) 2.87 ± 0.12 2.98 ± 0.20 3.68 ± 0.15 0.002 
ApoA1 (mg/dl) 1.31 ± 0.05 1.40 ± 0.06 1.52 ± 0.06 0.04 
LpA1 (mg/dl) 66.1 (63.0–69.3) 64.6 (60.2–69.3) 68.0 (63.8–72.3) 0.6 
LpA1/A2 (mg/dl) 81.4 ± 1.8 84.5 ± 2.7 84.3 ± 2.4 0.5 
ApoB (mg/dl) 73.8 (70.2–77.6) 84.7 (78.6–91.2) 91.9 (86.1–98.1) 0.0001 
LDL particle size (nm) 27.1 ± 0.1 27.0 ± 0.2 26.9 ± 0.1 0.3 

Data are mean ± SEM, or geometric mean and 95% CI for log-transformed data.

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