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Table 1 —

Clinical and metabolic characteristics in 35–70-year-old subjects with NGT, IFG/IGT, and diabetic (type 2) glucose tolerance

NGTIFG/IGTType 2 diabetes
n (F/M) 1,988 (1133/855) 798 (397/401) 1,697 (804/893) 
Age (years) 50.5 ± 9.7 53.5 ± 10.0 58.6 ± 8.5 
BMI (kg/m225.9 ± 3.7 27.3 ± 4.4 29.5 ± 4.9 
WHR 
 Men 0.95 ± 0.06 0.96 ± 0.06 0.99 ± 0.06 
 Women 0.83 ± 0.07 0.84 ± 0.08 0.90 ± 0.07 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.5 6.1 ± 0.6 9.8 ± 3.3 
HbA1c (%) 5.3 ± 0.6 5.4 ± 0.6 7.5 ± 1.8 
Fasting insulin (mU/l)* 7.5 ± 4.5 10.4 ± 6.0 15.2 ± 11.2 
HOMAIR* 1.80 ± 1.13 2.83 ± 1.69 6.58 ± 5.87 
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.7 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.38 ± 0.36 1.27 ± 0.32 1.15 ± 0.3 
Triglycericdes (mmol/l) 1.29 ± 0.80 1.58 ± 0.86 2.08 ± 1.60 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.77 ± 1.00 3.88 ± 0.99 3.78 ± 0.97 
Lipid-lowering medication  0.5  1.4  1.7 
Antihypertensive treatment 15.5 21.9 46.3 
Systolic blood pressure 126.3 ± 16.2 132.8 ± 16.6 137.2 ± 17.0 
Diastolic blood pressure 77.9 ± 9.5 79.9 ± 9.5 80.5 ± 9.8 
History of MI 
 Men  3.2  7.1 13.4 
 Women  1.0  1.3  5.8 
Previous stroke  1.3  2.3  5.2 
Current smoking 
 Men   23   17   16 
 Women   12   12   11 
NGTIFG/IGTType 2 diabetes
n (F/M) 1,988 (1133/855) 798 (397/401) 1,697 (804/893) 
Age (years) 50.5 ± 9.7 53.5 ± 10.0 58.6 ± 8.5 
BMI (kg/m225.9 ± 3.7 27.3 ± 4.4 29.5 ± 4.9 
WHR 
 Men 0.95 ± 0.06 0.96 ± 0.06 0.99 ± 0.06 
 Women 0.83 ± 0.07 0.84 ± 0.08 0.90 ± 0.07 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.5 6.1 ± 0.6 9.8 ± 3.3 
HbA1c (%) 5.3 ± 0.6 5.4 ± 0.6 7.5 ± 1.8 
Fasting insulin (mU/l)* 7.5 ± 4.5 10.4 ± 6.0 15.2 ± 11.2 
HOMAIR* 1.80 ± 1.13 2.83 ± 1.69 6.58 ± 5.87 
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.7 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 5.8 ± 1.1 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.38 ± 0.36 1.27 ± 0.32 1.15 ± 0.3 
Triglycericdes (mmol/l) 1.29 ± 0.80 1.58 ± 0.86 2.08 ± 1.60 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.77 ± 1.00 3.88 ± 0.99 3.78 ± 0.97 
Lipid-lowering medication  0.5  1.4  1.7 
Antihypertensive treatment 15.5 21.9 46.3 
Systolic blood pressure 126.3 ± 16.2 132.8 ± 16.6 137.2 ± 17.0 
Diastolic blood pressure 77.9 ± 9.5 79.9 ± 9.5 80.5 ± 9.8 
History of MI 
 Men  3.2  7.1 13.4 
 Women  1.0  1.3  5.8 
Previous stroke  1.3  2.3  5.2 
Current smoking 
 Men   23   17   16 
 Women   12   12   11 

Data are means ± SD and %, unless otherwise indicated.

*

Insulin-treated patients excluded;

only untreated patients.

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