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Table 2 —

Proportion of patients with risk factors for diabetes by diagnostic category

Risk factor/groupNew glucose intoleranceNew diabetesKnown diabetesNormal glucose tolerance
High blood pressure 138/263 (52.5)* 86/178 (48.3)* 602/1,070 (56.3)* 2,117/6,233 (34.0) 
Elevated triglycerides 66/260 (25.4)* 42/173 (24.3)* 341/1,043 (32.7)* 906/6,117 (14.8) 
Heart disease 53/260 (20.4)* 36/174 (20.7) 253/1,020 (24.8)* 752/6,082 (12.4) 
Low HDL 40/258 (15.5) 24/175 (13.7) 209/1,039 (20.1)* 598/6,103 (9.8) 
Previously identified IGT 21/261 (8.0)* 29/172 (16.9)* 611/992 (61.6)* 92/6,123 (1.5) 
Family history 135/318 (42.5)* 75/203 (36.9) 641/1,485 (43.2)* 2,161/7,036 (30.7) 
Member of high-risk ethnic group 26/318 (8.2) 15/203 (7.4) 149/1,485 (10.0) 573/7,036 (8.1) 
History of gestational diabetes 3/318 (0.9) 8/203 (3.9) 64/1,485 (4.3)* 94/7,036 (1.3) 
Delivered baby >10 lbs 6/318 (1.9) 9/203 (4.4) 58/1,485 (3.9) 191/7,036 (2.7) 
Risk factor/groupNew glucose intoleranceNew diabetesKnown diabetesNormal glucose tolerance
High blood pressure 138/263 (52.5)* 86/178 (48.3)* 602/1,070 (56.3)* 2,117/6,233 (34.0) 
Elevated triglycerides 66/260 (25.4)* 42/173 (24.3)* 341/1,043 (32.7)* 906/6,117 (14.8) 
Heart disease 53/260 (20.4)* 36/174 (20.7) 253/1,020 (24.8)* 752/6,082 (12.4) 
Low HDL 40/258 (15.5) 24/175 (13.7) 209/1,039 (20.1)* 598/6,103 (9.8) 
Previously identified IGT 21/261 (8.0)* 29/172 (16.9)* 611/992 (61.6)* 92/6,123 (1.5) 
Family history 135/318 (42.5)* 75/203 (36.9) 641/1,485 (43.2)* 2,161/7,036 (30.7) 
Member of high-risk ethnic group 26/318 (8.2) 15/203 (7.4) 149/1,485 (10.0) 573/7,036 (8.1) 
History of gestational diabetes 3/318 (0.9) 8/203 (3.9) 64/1,485 (4.3)* 94/7,036 (1.3) 
Delivered baby >10 lbs 6/318 (1.9) 9/203 (4.4) 58/1,485 (3.9) 191/7,036 (2.7) 

Data are n (%). New glucose intolerance = impaired fasting glucose + impaired glucose tolerance + probable diabetes.

*

P < 0.001,

P < 0.01, and

P < 0.05 all compared with normal glucose tolerance.

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