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Table 1—

Univariate odds ratios and 95% CIs for 1-SD increments in potential cardiovascular risk factors in men and women

Risk factor1.0 SDOdds ratios (95% CIs)
Both sexes combinedMenWomen
Age (years) 11 2.82 (2.34–3.40) 3.10 (2.43–3.96) 2.52 (1.88–3.40) 
Male sex Y/N 2.37 (1.71–3.30)   
Mexican-American ethnicity Y/N 0.73 (0.53–1.01) 0.79 (0.53–1.18) 0.66 (0.39–1.12) 
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 19.8 1.22 (1.11–1.34) 1.21 (1.04–1.41) 1.22 (1.07–1.39) 
2-h glucose (mg/dl) 50.6 1.30 (1.16–1.45) 1.35 (1.16–1.57) 1.31 (1.11–1.54) 
Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 15.3 1.17 (1.05–1.30) 1.20 (1.05–1.38) 1.10 (0.90–1.34) 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 15.0 1.77 (1.55–2.02) 1.85 (1.52–2.26) 1.61 (1.33–1.96) 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 9.1 1.51 (1.30–1.76) 1.35 (1.10–1.66) 1.49 (1.16–1.92) 
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 41.3 1.44 (1.26–1.65) 1.48 (1.23–1.78) 1.33 (1.05–1.68) 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 36.7 1.43 (1.25–1.64) 1.45 (1.20–1.74) 1.29 (1.01–1.64) 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 15.3 0.74 (0.62–0.88) 0.95 (0.75–1.20) 0.69 (0.52–0.93) 
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 106.3 1.24 (1.11–1.39) 1.18 (1.02–1.37) 1.20 (1.04–1.40) 
BMI (kg/m25.5 1.32 (1.16–1.52) 1.39 (1.12–1.72) 1.30 (1.07–1.59) 
First-degree relative with diabetes Y/N 1.12 (0.79–1.60) 1.30 (0.80–2.10) 0.83 (0.48–1.43) 
First-degree relative with heart attack Y/N 2.12 (1.54–2.93) 2.43 (1.61–3.65) 1.95 (1.15–3.32) 
Currently smoking cigarettes Y/N 1.65 (1.19–2.29) 1.18 (0.78–1.80) 2.22 (1.30–3.81) 
Risk factor1.0 SDOdds ratios (95% CIs)
Both sexes combinedMenWomen
Age (years) 11 2.82 (2.34–3.40) 3.10 (2.43–3.96) 2.52 (1.88–3.40) 
Male sex Y/N 2.37 (1.71–3.30)   
Mexican-American ethnicity Y/N 0.73 (0.53–1.01) 0.79 (0.53–1.18) 0.66 (0.39–1.12) 
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 19.8 1.22 (1.11–1.34) 1.21 (1.04–1.41) 1.22 (1.07–1.39) 
2-h glucose (mg/dl) 50.6 1.30 (1.16–1.45) 1.35 (1.16–1.57) 1.31 (1.11–1.54) 
Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 15.3 1.17 (1.05–1.30) 1.20 (1.05–1.38) 1.10 (0.90–1.34) 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 15.0 1.77 (1.55–2.02) 1.85 (1.52–2.26) 1.61 (1.33–1.96) 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 9.1 1.51 (1.30–1.76) 1.35 (1.10–1.66) 1.49 (1.16–1.92) 
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 41.3 1.44 (1.26–1.65) 1.48 (1.23–1.78) 1.33 (1.05–1.68) 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 36.7 1.43 (1.25–1.64) 1.45 (1.20–1.74) 1.29 (1.01–1.64) 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 15.3 0.74 (0.62–0.88) 0.95 (0.75–1.20) 0.69 (0.52–0.93) 
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 106.3 1.24 (1.11–1.39) 1.18 (1.02–1.37) 1.20 (1.04–1.40) 
BMI (kg/m25.5 1.32 (1.16–1.52) 1.39 (1.12–1.72) 1.30 (1.07–1.59) 
First-degree relative with diabetes Y/N 1.12 (0.79–1.60) 1.30 (0.80–2.10) 0.83 (0.48–1.43) 
First-degree relative with heart attack Y/N 2.12 (1.54–2.93) 2.43 (1.61–3.65) 1.95 (1.15–3.32) 
Currently smoking cigarettes Y/N 1.65 (1.19–2.29) 1.18 (0.78–1.80) 2.22 (1.30–3.81) 
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