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Table 1—

Components of the metabolic syndrome at baseline

ComponentDefinitionnMean ± SD% Elevation
Elevated glycemia    6.9 
 Glucose ≥140 mg/dl 4,453 99.3 ± 16.3 2.5 
 Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥7% 4,453 5.8 ± 0.7 5.4 
High blood pressure    18.4 
 Systolic ≥160 mmHg 4,451 131.5 ± 20.3 9.1 
 Diastolic ≥90 mmHg 4,451 77.5 ± 11.0 13.1 
High-risk lipid levels    82.7 
 Serum total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl 4,452 233.5 ± 44.0 77.9 
 Serum HDL cholesterol <35 (men), <39 (women) mg/dl 4,448 52.7 ± 17.7 15.9 
 Lipid ratio (Total/HDL) >5.7 (men), >5.1 (women) 4,447 4.9 ± 1.9 33.4 
Elevated BMI >30 kg/m2 4,423 28.5 ± 5.3 33.2 
Elevated uric acid level >7.0 mg/dl 4,453 6.0 ± 1.9 27.0 
Proteinuria ≥30 mg/dl 4,437 — 3.3 
ComponentDefinitionnMean ± SD% Elevation
Elevated glycemia    6.9 
 Glucose ≥140 mg/dl 4,453 99.3 ± 16.3 2.5 
 Glycosylated Hemoglobin ≥7% 4,453 5.8 ± 0.7 5.4 
High blood pressure    18.4 
 Systolic ≥160 mmHg 4,451 131.5 ± 20.3 9.1 
 Diastolic ≥90 mmHg 4,451 77.5 ± 11.0 13.1 
High-risk lipid levels    82.7 
 Serum total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl 4,452 233.5 ± 44.0 77.9 
 Serum HDL cholesterol <35 (men), <39 (women) mg/dl 4,448 52.7 ± 17.7 15.9 
 Lipid ratio (Total/HDL) >5.7 (men), >5.1 (women) 4,447 4.9 ± 1.9 33.4 
Elevated BMI >30 kg/m2 4,423 28.5 ± 5.3 33.2 
Elevated uric acid level >7.0 mg/dl 4,453 6.0 ± 1.9 27.0 
Proteinuria ≥30 mg/dl 4,437 — 3.3 
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