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Table 2—

ORs for UTI by exposures of interest adjusted for age and in multivariate models

ExposureCase subjectsControl subjectsAge-adjusted OR (95% CI)Multivariate OR* (95% CI)
Diabetes     
 Absent 781 (86.9%) 849 (93.2%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Present 118 (13.1%) 62 (6.8%) 2.2 (1.6–3.0) 2.2 (1.5–3.1) 
Diabetes treatment     
 Diabetes absent 781 (86.9%) 849 (93.3%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 None/lifestyle changes 27 (3.0%) 23 (2.5%) 1.3 (0.7–2.3) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 
 Oral medication 50 (5.6%) 19 (2.1%) 2.9 (1.7–5.1) 2.8 (1.6–5.1) 
 Insulin 41 (4.6%) 10 (2.1%) 2.6 (1.5–4.6) 2.7 (1.4–4.9) 
Duration of diabetes     
 Diabetes absent 781 (87.1%) 849 (93.3%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 <10 years 56 (6.2%) 35 (3.9%) 1.9 (1.2–2.9) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 
 ≥10 years 60 (6.7%) 26 (2.9%) 2.6 (1.6–4.3) 2.4 (1.5–4.0) 
Diabetes type     
 Diabetes absent 783 (87.0%) 850 (93.2%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Type 1 diabetes 4 (0.4%) 4 (0.4%) 1.3 (0.3–5.2) 1.1 (0.3–4.6) 
 Type 2 diabetes 113 (12.6%) 58 (6.4%) 2.2 (1.6–3.1) 2.2 (1.6–3.2) 
HbA1c within 180 days of the UTI     
 Diabetes absent 781 (90.3%) 849 (95.8%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Diabetes present HbA1c ≤8.0% 40 (4.6%) 17 (1.9%) 2.5 (1.4–4.5) 2.4 (1.3–4.5) 
 Diabetes present HbA1c >8.0% 44 (5.1%) 20 (2.3%) 2.7 (1.6–4.7) 2.7 (1.5–4.9) 
ExposureCase subjectsControl subjectsAge-adjusted OR (95% CI)Multivariate OR* (95% CI)
Diabetes     
 Absent 781 (86.9%) 849 (93.2%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Present 118 (13.1%) 62 (6.8%) 2.2 (1.6–3.0) 2.2 (1.5–3.1) 
Diabetes treatment     
 Diabetes absent 781 (86.9%) 849 (93.3%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 None/lifestyle changes 27 (3.0%) 23 (2.5%) 1.3 (0.7–2.3) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 
 Oral medication 50 (5.6%) 19 (2.1%) 2.9 (1.7–5.1) 2.8 (1.6–5.1) 
 Insulin 41 (4.6%) 10 (2.1%) 2.6 (1.5–4.6) 2.7 (1.4–4.9) 
Duration of diabetes     
 Diabetes absent 781 (87.1%) 849 (93.3%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 <10 years 56 (6.2%) 35 (3.9%) 1.9 (1.2–2.9) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 
 ≥10 years 60 (6.7%) 26 (2.9%) 2.6 (1.6–4.3) 2.4 (1.5–4.0) 
Diabetes type     
 Diabetes absent 783 (87.0%) 850 (93.2%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Type 1 diabetes 4 (0.4%) 4 (0.4%) 1.3 (0.3–5.2) 1.1 (0.3–4.6) 
 Type 2 diabetes 113 (12.6%) 58 (6.4%) 2.2 (1.6–3.1) 2.2 (1.6–3.2) 
HbA1c within 180 days of the UTI     
 Diabetes absent 781 (90.3%) 849 (95.8%) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 
 Diabetes present HbA1c ≤8.0% 40 (4.6%) 17 (1.9%) 2.5 (1.4–4.5) 2.4 (1.3–4.5) 
 Diabetes present HbA1c >8.0% 44 (5.1%) 20 (2.3%) 2.7 (1.6–4.7) 2.7 (1.5–4.9) 

Data are n (%).

*

Adjusted for age, history of UTI, and average frequency of sexual intercourse over the past year.

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