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Table 2—

Regression coefficients and odds ratios (95% CIs) for dependent variables (fasting glucose, fasting insulin, diabetes, and hyperinsulinemia)

Fasting glucose (mg/dl)Diabetes*Fasting insulin (μU/ml)
Unadjusted −3.1 (−3.7, −2.5) 0.56 (0.32, 0.97) −0.01 (−0.03, 0.02) 
Adjusted for covariates −1.7 (−2.3, −1.1) 0.64 (0.39, 1.1) 0.15 (0.02, 0.27) 
Adjusted for covariates above and BMI (kg/m2−1.3 (−1.9, −0.76) 0.65 (0.39, 1.1) 0.15 (0.04, 0.26) 
Adjusted for covariates above and HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) and triglyceride levels (mg/dl) and mean arterial pressure (mmHg) −1.8 (−2.4, −1.3) 0.56 (0.33, 0.95) 0.12 (0.01, 0.23) 
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)Diabetes*Fasting insulin (μU/ml)
Unadjusted −3.1 (−3.7, −2.5) 0.56 (0.32, 0.97) −0.01 (−0.03, 0.02) 
Adjusted for covariates −1.7 (−2.3, −1.1) 0.64 (0.39, 1.1) 0.15 (0.02, 0.27) 
Adjusted for covariates above and BMI (kg/m2−1.3 (−1.9, −0.76) 0.65 (0.39, 1.1) 0.15 (0.04, 0.26) 
Adjusted for covariates above and HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) and triglyceride levels (mg/dl) and mean arterial pressure (mmHg) −1.8 (−2.4, −1.3) 0.56 (0.33, 0.95) 0.12 (0.01, 0.23) 
*

Diabetes defined by self-report. Reference group is non-current oral contraceptive use. Participants with diabetes excluded from analyses except for “diabetes” analyses.

Regression coefficient reported with log of fasting insulin;

covariates are age (years), race, education (years), number of pregnancies, family history of diabetes, alcohol consumption (ml/day), smoking (current, not current), and physical activity.

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