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Table 3—

Risk of type 1 diabetic subjects having significant CAC (>10) if the serum total antioxidant status is greater than the median value (1.26 mmol/l Trolox equivalent), with adjustment for covarates

ModelOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Univariate   
 Unadjusted 0.19 (0.05–0.66) 0.0095 
Bivariate-adjusted for:   
 Age 0.26 (0.05–1.45) 0.1245 
 Sex 0.14 (0.03–0.57) 0.0064 
 Duration of diabetes 0.32 (0.07–1.36) 0.1224 
 Smoking status (ever or never) 0.18 (0.05–0.67) 0.0100 
 Systolic BP (continuous variable) 0.13 (0.03–0.58) 0.0077 
 Systolic BP (low or high) 0.14 (0.03–0.59) 0.0070 
 Diastolic BP (continuous variable) 0.19 (0.05–0.70) 0.0125 
 Diastolic BP (low or high) 0.18 (0.05–0.66) 0.0093 
 HbA1c 0.22 (0.05–0.98) 0.0469 
 Fasting glucose 0.20 (0.05–0.78) 0.0201 
 Total cholesterol 0.19 (0.05–0.69) 0.0121 
 Loge(triglyceride) 0.14 (0.03–0.57) 0.0062 
 HDL cholesterol 0.15 (0.04–0.60) 0.0071 
 Creatinine 0.17 (0.04–0.64) 0.0089 
 Urinary albumin–to–creatinine ratio 0.19 (0.05–0.71) 0.0130 
ModelOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Univariate   
 Unadjusted 0.19 (0.05–0.66) 0.0095 
Bivariate-adjusted for:   
 Age 0.26 (0.05–1.45) 0.1245 
 Sex 0.14 (0.03–0.57) 0.0064 
 Duration of diabetes 0.32 (0.07–1.36) 0.1224 
 Smoking status (ever or never) 0.18 (0.05–0.67) 0.0100 
 Systolic BP (continuous variable) 0.13 (0.03–0.58) 0.0077 
 Systolic BP (low or high) 0.14 (0.03–0.59) 0.0070 
 Diastolic BP (continuous variable) 0.19 (0.05–0.70) 0.0125 
 Diastolic BP (low or high) 0.18 (0.05–0.66) 0.0093 
 HbA1c 0.22 (0.05–0.98) 0.0469 
 Fasting glucose 0.20 (0.05–0.78) 0.0201 
 Total cholesterol 0.19 (0.05–0.69) 0.0121 
 Loge(triglyceride) 0.14 (0.03–0.57) 0.0062 
 HDL cholesterol 0.15 (0.04–0.60) 0.0071 
 Creatinine 0.17 (0.04–0.64) 0.0089 
 Urinary albumin–to–creatinine ratio 0.19 (0.05–0.71) 0.0130 

BP, blood pressure.

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