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Table 1—

Descriptive characteristics of the RT & WL and WL groups

RT & WLWL
n 16 13 
Age (years) 67.6 ± 5.2 66.9 ± 5.3 
Sex (M/F) 10/6 6/7 
Duration of diabetes (years) 7.6 ± 5.4 8.8 ± 7.9 
Oral hypoglycemic medication use (n15 10 
Anthropometry   
 Height (cm) 167.8 ± 8.7 166.0 ± 9.1 
 Weight (kg) 88.7 ± 10.9 89.5 ± 12.1 
 BMI (kg/m231.5 ± 3.7 32.5 ± 3.8 
 Waist circumference (cm) 105.3 ± 7.5 103.3 ± 11.4 
Body composition   
 Fat mass (kg) 33.1 ± 7.4 35.6 ± 6.8 
 LBM (kg) 51.8 ± 8.1 49.7 ± 9.5 
Blood pressure   
 Systolic (mmHg) 145 ± 17.8 147 ± 15.5 
 Diastolic (mmHg) 78 ± 8.8 75 ± 6.4 
Serum glucose and insulin   
 Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 9.5 ± 2.3 9.4 ± 2.1 
 Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 132.9 ± 63.0 101.9 ± 25.8 
 Insulin sensitivity (HOMA) 17.7 ± 6.5 20.8 ± 6.2 
 HbA1c (%) 8.1 ± 1.0 7.5 ± 1.1 
Serum lipids   
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.1 ± 0.8 5.7 ± 1.2 
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.3 
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 ± 0.8 3.5 ± 0.9 
 Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.8 ± 0.8 1.8 ± 0.8 
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 1,783 ± 349 1,815 ± 431 
Estimated energy expenditure (kcal/day)* 3,022 ± 413 3,109 ± 428 
RT & WLWL
n 16 13 
Age (years) 67.6 ± 5.2 66.9 ± 5.3 
Sex (M/F) 10/6 6/7 
Duration of diabetes (years) 7.6 ± 5.4 8.8 ± 7.9 
Oral hypoglycemic medication use (n15 10 
Anthropometry   
 Height (cm) 167.8 ± 8.7 166.0 ± 9.1 
 Weight (kg) 88.7 ± 10.9 89.5 ± 12.1 
 BMI (kg/m231.5 ± 3.7 32.5 ± 3.8 
 Waist circumference (cm) 105.3 ± 7.5 103.3 ± 11.4 
Body composition   
 Fat mass (kg) 33.1 ± 7.4 35.6 ± 6.8 
 LBM (kg) 51.8 ± 8.1 49.7 ± 9.5 
Blood pressure   
 Systolic (mmHg) 145 ± 17.8 147 ± 15.5 
 Diastolic (mmHg) 78 ± 8.8 75 ± 6.4 
Serum glucose and insulin   
 Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 9.5 ± 2.3 9.4 ± 2.1 
 Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 132.9 ± 63.0 101.9 ± 25.8 
 Insulin sensitivity (HOMA) 17.7 ± 6.5 20.8 ± 6.2 
 HbA1c (%) 8.1 ± 1.0 7.5 ± 1.1 
Serum lipids   
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.1 ± 0.8 5.7 ± 1.2 
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.3 
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 ± 0.8 3.5 ± 0.9 
 Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.8 ± 0.8 1.8 ± 0.8 
Total energy intake (kcal/day) 1,783 ± 349 1,815 ± 431 
Estimated energy expenditure (kcal/day)* 3,022 ± 413 3,109 ± 428 

Data are means ± SD.

*

Calculated from 7-day recall.

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