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Table 2—

Pregnancy outcomes in women with IGT and NGT

VariablesNGT (N = 302) % (n)IGT (N = 102) % (n)P§
EPH syndrome* 6.62 (20) 19.6 (20) 0.0001 
Mild or moderate 6.62 (20) 16.7 (17) 0.0024 
Preeclampsia and eclampsia 0.00 (0) 2.94 (3) 0.0157 
P-ROM 1.99 (6) 13.7 (14) <0.0001 
Breech presentation 3.31 (10) 10.8 (11) 0.0033 
Vertex presentation 96.4 (291) 89.2 (91) 0.0060 
Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) 1.32 (4) 7.84 (8) 0.0026 
Caesarean delivery 65.9 (199) 73.5 (75) 0.1535 
 Cephalopelvic disproportion 33.4 (101) 23.5 (24) 0.0611 
 Breech 3.64 (11) 8.82 (9) 0.0370 
 Foetal distress 13.6 (41) 11.8 (12) 0.6394 
 Postdates 1.96 (2) 0.00 (0) 0.0633 
 Others 22.9 (69) 46.1 (47) <0.0001 
Birth trauma or dystocia 0.00 (0) 0.00 (0) — 
Fetal male gender 52.3 (158) 54.9 (56) 0.6512 
Birth weight ≥90th percentile 13.3 (40) 21.6 (22) 0.0437 
Birth weight ≥95th percentile 5.96 (18) 12.8 (13) 0.0260 
Low birth weight (<2,500 g) 1.66 (5) 1.96 (2) 1.0000 
Apgar score at 1 min ≤7 0.99 (3) 1.96 (2) 0.6039 
Hypoglycemia 0.33 (1) 0.98 (1) 0.4417 
Pneumonia 0.00 (0) 1.96 (2) 0.0633 
Perinatal death 0.66 (2) 1.96 (2) 0.2654 
VariablesNGT (N = 302) % (n)IGT (N = 102) % (n)P§
EPH syndrome* 6.62 (20) 19.6 (20) 0.0001 
Mild or moderate 6.62 (20) 16.7 (17) 0.0024 
Preeclampsia and eclampsia 0.00 (0) 2.94 (3) 0.0157 
P-ROM 1.99 (6) 13.7 (14) <0.0001 
Breech presentation 3.31 (10) 10.8 (11) 0.0033 
Vertex presentation 96.4 (291) 89.2 (91) 0.0060 
Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) 1.32 (4) 7.84 (8) 0.0026 
Caesarean delivery 65.9 (199) 73.5 (75) 0.1535 
 Cephalopelvic disproportion 33.4 (101) 23.5 (24) 0.0611 
 Breech 3.64 (11) 8.82 (9) 0.0370 
 Foetal distress 13.6 (41) 11.8 (12) 0.6394 
 Postdates 1.96 (2) 0.00 (0) 0.0633 
 Others 22.9 (69) 46.1 (47) <0.0001 
Birth trauma or dystocia 0.00 (0) 0.00 (0) — 
Fetal male gender 52.3 (158) 54.9 (56) 0.6512 
Birth weight ≥90th percentile 13.3 (40) 21.6 (22) 0.0437 
Birth weight ≥95th percentile 5.96 (18) 12.8 (13) 0.0260 
Low birth weight (<2,500 g) 1.66 (5) 1.96 (2) 1.0000 
Apgar score at 1 min ≤7 0.99 (3) 1.96 (2) 0.6039 
Hypoglycemia 0.33 (1) 0.98 (1) 0.4417 
Pneumonia 0.00 (0) 1.96 (2) 0.0633 
Perinatal death 0.66 (2) 1.96 (2) 0.2654 
*

Mild EPH syndrome is SBP/DBP >173/12 kPa (130/90 mmHg), or with an increase in blood pressure of 4/2 kPa (30/15 mmHg) compared with basal blood pressures, that may be accompanied with moderate proteinuria and edema. Moderate EPH syndrome: increase in blood pressure, SBP/DBP > 21.3/14.6 kPa (160/110 mmHg), proteinuria with +, or accompanied with edema or mild symptoms. Severe EPH syndrome includes pre-eclampsia and eclampsia;

capillary blood glucose level <1.7 mmol/l;

fetal/neonatal death from 28 gestational weeks to 7 days after birth;

§

χ2 test;

Fisher’s exact test.

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