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Table 2—

Anthropometric, hemodynamic, and metabolic parameters of groups of patients with matched BMI or VFA

Matched BMI
Matched VFA
Less centralized (n = 38)More centralized (n = 38)Less generalized (n = 38)More generalized (n = 38)
Age (years) 45.1 ± 10.7 50.7 ± 6.3* 48.0 ± 9.6 47.8 ± 8.9 
BMI (kg/m238.4 ± 5.9 39.1 ± 4.9 36.8 ± 4.0 40.7 ± 5.9* 
Waist circumference (cm) 105.5 ± 13.5 114.9 ± 11.3* 107.0 ± 12.0 113.6 ± 13.8* 
WHR 0.90 ± 0.09 0.99 ± 0.07* 0.95 ± 0.09 0.95 ± 0.10 
Fat mass (%) 42.5 ± 5.4 44.0 ± 4.4 41.7 ± 4.8 44.8 ± 4.7* 
Visceral fat by CT (cm2101.0 ± 34.2 182.9 ± 47.0* 143.3 ± 60.5 140.6 ± 56.1 
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2374.0 ± 124.7 383.3 ± 128.7 332.3 ± 110.8 424.9 ± 124.3* 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 147.0 ± 21.2 152.5 ± 19.5 151.4 ± 23.4 148.0 ± 17.0 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 93.6 ± 10.6 96.0 ± 10.0 93.9 ± 10.8 95.7 ± 9.9 
Heart rate (bpm) 79.0 ± 6.4 77.7 ± 8.0 78.3 ± 7.7 78.4 ± 6.8 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.7 5.4 ± 0.6 5.2 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.7 
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l) 6.8 ± 2.2 7.8 ± 2.4* 7.2 ± 2.4 7.3 ± 2.3 
Glucose area under curve (mg · h−1 · dl−1557.8 ± 129.3 621.1 ± 126.6* 583.1 ± 118.3 595.8 ± 144.0 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 113.7 ± 64.3 132.1 ± 65.9 120.3 ± 57.4 125.6 ± 73.2 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 578.7 ± 346.7 804.2 ± 599.1* 757.8 ± 609.6 620.3 ± 341.8 
HOMA index 3.7 ± 2.4 4.4 ± 2.2 3.9 ± 2.0 4.2 ± 2.6 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.1 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.2* 1.0 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.4 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9 
Apolipoprotein B (g/l) 1.22 ± 0.27 1.36 ± 0.29 1.30 ± 0.28 1.31 ± 0.30 
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.4 ± 0.6 2.0 ± 0.8* 1.7 ± 0.8 1.7 ± 0.7 
Uric acid (mmol/l) 0.29 ± 0.06 0.33 ± 0.07* 0.30 ± 0.50 0.31 ± 0.11 
Leptin (ng/ml) 26.3 ± 19.3 26.3 ± 13.3 20.9 ± 13.0 31.3 ± 14.0* 
Matched BMI
Matched VFA
Less centralized (n = 38)More centralized (n = 38)Less generalized (n = 38)More generalized (n = 38)
Age (years) 45.1 ± 10.7 50.7 ± 6.3* 48.0 ± 9.6 47.8 ± 8.9 
BMI (kg/m238.4 ± 5.9 39.1 ± 4.9 36.8 ± 4.0 40.7 ± 5.9* 
Waist circumference (cm) 105.5 ± 13.5 114.9 ± 11.3* 107.0 ± 12.0 113.6 ± 13.8* 
WHR 0.90 ± 0.09 0.99 ± 0.07* 0.95 ± 0.09 0.95 ± 0.10 
Fat mass (%) 42.5 ± 5.4 44.0 ± 4.4 41.7 ± 4.8 44.8 ± 4.7* 
Visceral fat by CT (cm2101.0 ± 34.2 182.9 ± 47.0* 143.3 ± 60.5 140.6 ± 56.1 
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2374.0 ± 124.7 383.3 ± 128.7 332.3 ± 110.8 424.9 ± 124.3* 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 147.0 ± 21.2 152.5 ± 19.5 151.4 ± 23.4 148.0 ± 17.0 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 93.6 ± 10.6 96.0 ± 10.0 93.9 ± 10.8 95.7 ± 9.9 
Heart rate (bpm) 79.0 ± 6.4 77.7 ± 8.0 78.3 ± 7.7 78.4 ± 6.8 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.7 5.4 ± 0.6 5.2 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.7 
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l) 6.8 ± 2.2 7.8 ± 2.4* 7.2 ± 2.4 7.3 ± 2.3 
Glucose area under curve (mg · h−1 · dl−1557.8 ± 129.3 621.1 ± 126.6* 583.1 ± 118.3 595.8 ± 144.0 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 113.7 ± 64.3 132.1 ± 65.9 120.3 ± 57.4 125.6 ± 73.2 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 578.7 ± 346.7 804.2 ± 599.1* 757.8 ± 609.6 620.3 ± 341.8 
HOMA index 3.7 ± 2.4 4.4 ± 2.2 3.9 ± 2.0 4.2 ± 2.6 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.1 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.2* 1.0 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.4 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9 
Apolipoprotein B (g/l) 1.22 ± 0.27 1.36 ± 0.29 1.30 ± 0.28 1.31 ± 0.30 
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.4 ± 0.6 2.0 ± 0.8* 1.7 ± 0.8 1.7 ± 0.7 
Uric acid (mmol/l) 0.29 ± 0.06 0.33 ± 0.07* 0.30 ± 0.50 0.31 ± 0.11 
Leptin (ng/ml) 26.3 ± 19.3 26.3 ± 13.3 20.9 ± 13.0 31.3 ± 14.0* 

Data are means ± SD.

*

P < 0.05 vs. group less centralized or generalized;

P = 0.07 vs. group less centralized or generalized.

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